Joining the loggia to the room: tips for the pros, reconciliation process

For a long time you have been thinking about expanding your living spaceDue to the addition of a loggia or balcony to the room? Do not know how to properly coordinate everything so that there are no problems? Today we will tell you in detail about all the intricacies of this process. There are never many places in the house, so when the chance of your home falls even on a few square meters, we are surely eager to take advantage of this opportunity. Therefore, the addition of spaces such as a loggia and a balcony always stirs the imagination of homeowners. And let by law these are non-residential premises, nevertheless very many try to live them. But what awaits us, if we decide to tackle such an annexation, with what pitfalls will we encounter on our way? We turned to the architects Tatyana Morozova and Ruslan Kirnichansky and with their help we will help you to understand all the subtleties of this very complicated process. Tatyana Morozova, architect Tatyana is the head of the ARCHdesign architectural bureau and has appeared for the first time on the pages of our online magazine. You can learn more about it. Ruslan Kirnichansky, architect-designer Ruslan - head of the architectural bureau Fabbrica Immagini, we already wrote about one of his projects, you can find out more information about him.

Loggia and balcony: what is the difference

Although some people consider these words synonymous,The difference is, and it is palpable. In contrast to the loggia, protrudes from the wall of the building, and also has some kind of protective fence. In turn, the loggia is an integral part of the building and is located inside the house, in no way protruding outward, and therefore has a fence with at least three sides. But there are more subtle technical aspects. Balcony and loggia - these are different from each other structural elements of the building. The system of fixing the balcony overlap is designed for less weight in relation to the loggia, so you can usually get permission to combine the loggia and the room. However, in some cases it is possible to add a balcony to the living space, but this is so difficult that, as a rule, the ovchinka is not worth it. Ruslan Kirnichansky, architect-designer: - I do not recommend to unite the balcony with the room, as it is costly economically and time-consuming (matching and permissible strengthening of the slab). In addition, adding a balcony, you do not solve the problem of deficiency of the area (balconies have a modest area), with loggias the situation is more interesting, and its unification is economically justified and effective. Tatyana Morozova, architect: - Often the "home" glazing of the house is panoramic, with the glasses directly from the top slab. So, ordering a new glazing, you have to reduce the area of ​​this glazing (insulation will take those same 15-20 cm from above), which will lead to a decrease in illumination. In our climate this is an important factor.

Variants of joining the balcony / balcony to the room

There are several ways how you can attachBalcony or loggia to the apartment. The first is the glazing of the area to be added, if there is none, as well as its capital warming. After that, you can dismantle the balcony door with the window. This is an easier way, although it should be remembered that even such changes require permission and registration. The second option involves a partial removal of the external wall of the building, which is much more problematic. Moreover, it is difficult not only in technical execution, but also in the paperwork, since such redevelopment will necessarily have to be agreed upon and then approved in the appropriate bodies. Each case must be considered individually, because your changes can disrupt the load-bearing construction of the whole house. Tatiana Morozova, architect: - When deciding whether to attach or not, you need to really look at your situation. Sometimes a loggia or balcony is not very wide, which means that after insulation (which will take 15-20 cm from each wall, excluding the inner wall of the house), a very narrow and small space can remain, on which only cabinets can be placed.

Dismantling of the door and window unit

From a technical point of view, this is the main point,Which directly depends on the construction of the building. For example, in brick, block or panel houses, the section of the window unit in the wall can be part of the load-bearing structure, therefore, nobody will be able to cut back and even remove it, and unauthorized restructuring will be a direct violation of the law. Monolithic houses with this matter are easier, in fact usually the facades of walls in them are not bearing, therefore the expansion of the opening will not be a problem. With the door is also not all simple, often it performs the role of fixing the balcony plate, or hides inter-panel joints, or prevents the freezing of the room. In any case, just like the window sill, it is simply impossible to remove it in any case and it will require special permission from the competent authorities. Ruslan Kirnichansky, architect-designer: - It is permissible to remove the lower partition of the balcony door and the window in exceptional cases. If the house has a panel system, then the dismantling of fragments of external walls is strictly forbidden, since the carrying out of these works negatively affects the common house frame. If the house is monolithic-brick, then it is possible to dismantle the lower partitions, but I recommend doing this after carrying out a study of the building's structure and obtaining an agreement, in which the algorithm for strengthening the structures will be described.

How to harmonize and legalize

Must be duly formalized andIs legalized. Therefore, to join the balcony or balcony to the room, you first need to contact the BTI to order a technical passport from them for the apartment, which will then be required to be presented to the Moscow Housing Inspectorate for the capital's homeowners or to the city's construction and architecture department for residents of any other city. In addition, you will also have to find a project organization, which necessarily includes the SRO, which will make for you a plan for future redevelopment. At the same time, the company's specialists must perform a technical survey at home and only after that start to change. But that's not all, prepare to visit the sanitary-epidemiological, gas, fire and other services to reconcile with them their secret desires for redevelopment. The next step is perhaps the most responsible. Now you need to collect all the documents together and hand them over to the same Moscow Housing Inspectorate or a similar authority in your city. And in order not to get lost in all these papers, we list the necessary documents:

  • Technical passport of the apartment BTI,
  • The application for re-planning in the form approved by the Government of the Russian Federation,
  • Legal documents for the apartment (certificate of ownership, a contract of sale or gift),
  • Redevelopment with the findings of the above services,
  • Written consent of all owners of the apartment to make redevelopment.
  • Well, only by doing all this, you can goDirectly to the redevelopment. Although after the completion of the work will not be able to breathe peacefully. It will be necessary to apply again to the department of housing inspection, so that they will make a check. Employees of the court must make sure that you have not disorganized a half-house or have not completed anything extra. And when they make sure that you have done everything in strict accordance with the approved project, they will give you an act of completing the redevelopment of the premises.

    Warming and heating

    Transfer of engineering equipment perimeterBearing walls of the building is prohibited. Balconies and loggias refer to the auxiliary area of ​​the apartment, they are non-residential space, and even if the loggia is merged with the room, it will not be possible to get permission to carry the radiator (this contradicts the "Code of Rules"). Required warming of the loggia: the lower and upper floors, walls. In addition, the replacement of the glazing with a winter one is required. Since the transfer of the radiator for the perimeter of the external load-bearing walls is prohibited, then for heating the balcony you can use the electric option. It can be an electric heater. Tatiana Morozova, architect: - As a rule, on the connected loggias arrange a warm floor. This is correct, as the loggia, even attached and insulated by all rules, is the coldest and purest place in the apartment. It must be remembered, the device of a warm water floor is excluded (as well as water radiators). Only electric. When calculating the heating appliances per cubic meter, the warm floor is not taken into account, since it is not a heating appliance, but only an auxiliary device! There is also such a method as heating by infrared radiation built into the false ceiling, in the floor and walls (if necessary). This method has its fans, and that's why: 1. The humidity of the air does not change (unlike traditional heat sources). 2. Noiselessly. 3. Eco-friendly. 4. Does not affect the aesthetic appearance of the room (as it is entirely under the finish). Ruslan Kirnichansky, architect-designer: - For energy-intensive equipment, provide a separate cable with an automatic device from the shield (to ensure fire safety). As a heater of the former loggia you can use not only floor convectors. I recommend on the wall of the former loggia to install an electric towel warmer, it is convenient and does not take up much space. The configuration and style of modern electric towel warmers is diverse, and this equipment can be elegantly inscribed in the interior. We must not forget that the heated towel rail is a heating device, and then the equipment for drying the textile. When the summer period comes, you can turn it off. Eugene Kulibaba,,,,,,