Walls

Alignment of walls with gypsum plasterboard: frameless or skeleton way

To level the walls, differentmaterials, but among them is popular drywall. GKL is a strong and even material. It is used for various construction works. It fulfills the role of not only the leveling material, but also the basis for finishing, since the surface of the GCR is smooth and smooth. Aligning walls with plasterboard is easy to organize. You do not need to have any special experience, and the way of installation depends on the state of the foundation. Scheme drywall sheetScheme drywall sheet. you can use one of the following methods:

  • Frameless method, when using gluing GCR to the wall.
  • Wireframe method, when a special frame is first mounted, then it is clad with GCR.
  • The first method is applied in the case whenthe surface of the walls is relatively flat, has no significant defects. This method avoids the cost of profiles. The wall covering is done quickly. The second method is recommended when the wall has significant unevenness. In addition, additional warming of the room from the inside is necessary. As a frame, special metal profiles or wooden slats are used, which are sewn after the installation by GKL.

    Frameless alignment

    The scheme of the frameless method of wall finishingplasterboard. Frameless wall alignment with plasterboard suggests that the GCR on the base base will be glued. This will save time and money, but this method can only be used for walls with relatively small irregularities. How to level the walls with a frameless method? This process includes the following steps:

  • The wall is cleaned of the old coating, then it is treated with a primer.
  • Drywall sheets are cut to the required elements, after which marking is applied to the surface for gluing them.
  • Special glue for GCR is mixed in the prepared container with a construction mixer, the composition should be homogeneous, without lumps.
  • Aligning the wall with plasterboard by handtoo it is possible, but it is required to prepare the glue composition in advance. It is diluted in the following proportion: for 13-15 kg of a dry mixture, 1 liter of pure water is used. After mixing, you should wait a few minutes before you start gluing sheets to the surface.
  • Apply the composition followed by small patches on the back surface of the GCR. The step is 20-30 cm, it is not necessary to level the glue, during the installation it will completely fill all the irregularities of the base.
  • The sheet is applied to the wall, it should be slightly taped with a rubber mallet to level the position.
  • If the wall is too curved, then it is additionally possible to glue the gypsum board strips to which the main sheets will be laid.
  • When laying, observe the minimum temperature gaps between the plates.
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    Carcass leveling

    Diagram of plasterboard wall plating on a metal frame. The leveling of the walls with gypsum boards begins with the installation of the profile. The procedure is as follows:

  • On the perimeter of the whole room is necessaryset the start profile. It is attached to the ceiling and the floor. Vertical guides are placed on the walls. Fasten the profiles with dowels, in the case of concrete walls, a perforator should be used. During the construction of the frame, the edges of the profiles are projected outward, so that the jumpers can then be fixed to them.
  • Then put the main profile, and it will be attached to the drywall. The profile edges must face the base.
  • The pitch of the profiles is 60 cm. This is enough to make a strong and reliable frame. in this case it will be easier. The edges of the sheets will fall on the profile surface.
  • In order to obtain a rigid structure, the use of transverse profiles is required. They are fixed on suspensions.
  • When the frame is ready, you can start yourselfsheathe the walls of the GKL. For this, self-cutters of 35 mm are used. They are screwed in such a way that their hats are heated into the material. The fastener step is 10-15 cm along the perimeter. If installation of sockets and switches is required, it is necessary to apply special plastic glasses with outputs of electric wires. On the surface of the sheets, special round holes are made. It is necessary to provide this work even before the installation of the skeleton begins, since then it will be difficult to find the exits. The frame method allows additional insulation of the walls from the inside. Tools for wall finishing plasterboard. It is best to use mineral wool for this, it is laid before the GKL plating. The heat insulator on the surface is laid tightly, there should not be any gaps. The following materials and tools will be required to complete the work:

    • drywall;
    • metallic profile;
    • self-tapping screws;
    • dowels;
    • perforator;
    • electric drill;
    • a knife for cutting GCR;
    • Screwdriver;
    • insulation (if additional heat and noise insulation is required).

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    Surface coating

    The last stage of leveling the walls is applyingputty on gypsum board. Unlike conventional walls, there is no need to lay the material on the entire surface. GKL has smoothness and evenness, therefore only the joints and the fastening points of the screws are shpaklyuyut. To perform the work you need to prepare:

    • putty;
    • a container for mixing the mixture;
    • electric drill with a nozzle or a construction mixer;
    • clean water;
    • a primer;
    • grinding paper;
    • a metal spatula;
    • ribbon-serpyanku for joints;
    • metal perforated corner for external and internal corners of the surface.

    First the mixture is diluted, too much to preparedo not, it is better to do this in small portions. The mixture is first applied to the joints, slightly pressed into the surface. A serpian and a second layer of putty are superimposed on top. The same work is done with corners, only here is a perforated corner applied. The fixing points are covered with the prepared mixture. It needs to be leveled so that no protruding sections remain. When the putty dries, the surface must be thoroughly primed. The final stage will be grinding sandpaper. It should be done carefully, smoothing out any irregularities. Now the wall is completely ready for finishing works. This can be painting, applying decorative plaster, gluing wallpaper. To level the walls, you can use plasterboard. It is ideal for this kind of work. Plates are flat, they are easily mounted on the walls. Depending on the general state of the base base, it is possible to apply the method of gluing a GCR or use a cladding on a framework of profiles. </ ul>

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