What should be the floor in the kitchen? What to choose: tile, wood or linoleum? What should be guided first of all - by beauty, comfort or durability? We will help you figure it out and show you what to look for. When designing your own kitchen one of the most important decisions will be the selection of material for the floor. The market now offers a wide variety of options: tile, wood, linoleum, laminate, cork, bulk floor. Most, without going into details, will choose a tile. But if you look at it in more detail, it turns out that all the listed materials are worth considering and have both pluses and minuses. Only after carefully studying all aspects, it will be possible to get an ideal kitchen, the floor of which for many years will please you with its appearance and functionality. Let's look at each of the options in more detail. 1. Laminate This is a multi-layer synthetic coating that externally mimics the wood floor. It is a panel based on chipboard or fiberboard, layers pressed with specialized paper. On the outer surface a high-strength melamine film is applied. Based on their taste preferences, you can choose a variety of textures and colors that imitate any type of wood. Pros:
- more warm material, unlike tiles;
- resistance to abrasion (it is necessary to pay attention to the class of wear resistance); mechanical damage, dirt;
- small stiffness, giving a chance of falling dishes;
- Simplicity of installation (but it is necessary to watch tightness of joints);
- resistance to temperature changes;
- the price is 3-4 times lower than that of parquet.
- fear of moisture, which is impractical in a kitchen;
- special care products are required;
- the average service life is 7-10 years;
- susceptibility to swelling and creaking;
- attracts dust;
- it is necessary to have an even surface for styling.
2. Cork floor It is made of environmentally friendly material - cork bark. It is crushed and pressed under high pressure. The resulting material is called suberin, and it is approximately 45% of the finished floor covering. There are several variants of execution: floating (lock), technical and gluing cork. Only the latter is suitable for the kitchen floor, since it closes the access of moisture inside as much as possible. In addition to ecology, the cork coating is characterized by softness and springy properties. Pros:
- elasticity and elasticity, due to which when walking, the load on the joints and spine decreases;
- there is no trace of heavy furniture;
- shock resistance;
- sound and heat insulation;
- there is no need to install a "warm floor" system;
- nice on tactile sensations, not slippery;
- Antistatic effect, which does not allow dust to settle on the surface;
- fire resistance;
- resistance to industrial chemistry.
- price (square meter - from 1 000 rubles);
- the surface of the cork is rough, it retains dirt, it is difficult to keep it in perfect purity;
- low strength: sharp objects will leave scratches, dents and chips.
3. Linoleum Soft floor roll coating of polymer materials. This is the most budgetary option, moreover, when installing it does not require special skills. In case of spoilage, it is possible to replace the old linoleum with a new one without pain. Therefore, it has become so popular material and suitable for any room, including for the kitchen. It should be borne in mind that linoleum can be both natural and artificial, so special attention should be paid to the smell. If it is quite strong, then certainly there are doubts about the environmental friendliness of the position in question. Pros:
- very simple installation;
- moisture resistance, easy to clean;
- low price (cheaper than laminate);
- heat and sound insulation;
- strength, durability, practicality.
- non-environmentally friendly raw materials;
- when the temperature drops, it can deform or crack;
- inability to resist the influence of ultraviolet, which leads to fading;
- sensitivity to fats and chemicals, fire hazard;
- "Memory" from the touch of heels, claws of animals and other sharp objects will remain on the linoleum forever.
4. Tiles Made of ceramics or natural stone. It is considered the most practical and versatile material for the kitchen. Therefore, in most cases, the ratio of price-quality is chosen by her. In addition, tiles have such a wide range of color options, which is suitable for any whims and design solutions. Pros:
- Long service life, resistance to deformation, dents;
- ecological compatibility;
- strength to abrasion, minor damage;
- fire resistance;
- moisture resistance;
- easy cleaning by any means.
- cold surface due to high thermal conductivity,
- low noise insulation,
- when the temperature changes, it is possible to peel off from the screed,
- Due to the fragility, the tile is not capable of withstanding heavy objects. At the same time, due to the rigidity, the fallen cup will not have any chance.
Rososhik Ludmila, co-founder of the architecturalParralab workshop: - Increasingly popular among designers as flooring for kitchens or kitchen areas is finding ceramic parquet or floor tiles for wood, imitating wood, massive boards, aged wood or parquet. Thus, we retain all the advantages of ceramic tiles, such as strength, water resistance, ease of operation, long service life, fire resistance, and we get a non-slippery "wooden floor" with perfect aesthetic characteristics. What is also important for me in the choice of material is environmental compatibility, since the house is the very place where we spend an essential part of our life. A ceramic tile is made from baked clay in the oven. And, of course, I would advise under the tile to install the "warm floor" system as a necessary attribute, because the tile still has a disadvantage, such as coldness. Various textures and colors of the tree from pure black to transverse sections of the trunk, imitation of exotic woods give the opportunity to apply ceramic tiles in any interior, significantly saving your budget. 5. One of the most modern technologies for making floors in household premises. The common name of this technique is "liquid linoleum". It is a polymer coating, poured into a pre-prepared area. Due to the fluidity, this kind of screed is distributed throughout the area evenly, and after the completion of the work a smooth monolithic surface is formed. The more horizontal the roughing plane, the less material will be required to create a perfectly smooth floor. A seamless structure allows you to create absolutely any composition, up to three-dimensional images. This option is perfect for modern style kitchens. Pros:
- durability and practicality;
- durability (40-50 years);
- resistance to abrasion;
- ease of operation and cleaning;
- environmentally friendly material;
- waterproofing, moisture resistance, fire safety.
- labor intensity of pouring and dismantling,
6. Wooden floor (parquet or board) The oldest and most traditional method of flooring. Now they choose it, more based on considerations of presentability of their interior. It is eco-friendly, cozy, stylish and noble. This semblance of classic English style cuisine is ideal for a country cottage. And modern technology will make it possible to apply a special moisture-resistant parquet or to treat the coating with an antiseptic. Pros:
- hardwood and hardwood; hardness and wear resistance;
- sufficiently warm floor;
- the need for regular cleaning of the coating;
- like a laminate, a tree does not like moisture;
- high susceptibility to scratching;
- cost (including installation);
- Temperature extremes are undesirable.
K.K. Radzhabov, General Director of Dom-Build Service LLC; - When choosing a floor covering, several things should be considered at once: practicality, moisture resistance, ecological compatibility. Linoleum - not the most environmentally friendly material, but very practical. Do not have special knowledge and experience to put it. It is not afraid of moisture, it is easily laundered and has a low cost. The cork, of course, is the best for ecology. It has excellent noise insulation and thermal insulation. Gives the effect of a warm floor. If properly laid, it is not afraid of water, it will not swell when it hits. Laminate in the kitchen, in my opinion, the most impractical option and not the most environmentally friendly material. It is easily swollen by water. Although there is, of course, vinyl laminate, which is not afraid of moisture, but its cost is higher. Parquet board - a natural material, eco-friendly, expensive, afraid of moisture, energy-intensive when working. Requires a specially prepared and perfectly flat surface for styling, as well as knowledge and experience. dom-serv.com