Architecture

Sightseeing in Vienna: an architectural tour from Roomble

Architectural tour of Roomble to Vienna wasIs timed to the significant event - Vienna Design Week. For four days to visit the best Viennese workshops and the opening of the exhibition, to consider the art nouveau, to be inspired by modern architecture and admire the diversity of the city - our impressions in this article "Vienna is a city of design!" - the organizers of the largest exhibition of Austria with numerous locations throughout the capital Are right. From 26 to 30 September, an architectural tour of Otto Wagner's homeland took place - the main sights of Vienna were examined, the heritage of the past and modernity in architecture and design. Design Vienna Design Week after the likesexhibitions, and especially after the scale of Moscow Design Week, seemed not well organized. I was surprised by the small number of participants and the lack of clarity in the concepts of their stands - in general, the format of the exhibition is ambiguous. I liked the light installation "City of shades" of the design studio Maxim Velčovsky, shadows showing three cities: Vienna, Moscow, London. Also remarkable was the exposition with the collectionOriginal chairs produced by the company "Brothers Thonet" and their drawings. We all know this elegant furniture made of bent wood. I am glad that Austria is also trembling about its history. In place of the famous association of architects, artists and craftsmen "Vienna Workshops" came modern designers who are trying to maintain the spirit of Viennese design. And its leading characteristics are calibrated color combinations and ergonomic shapes. By the way, color is a distinctive characteristic of Austrian design, especially manifested with the advent of the secession. Showroom Neue Wiener Werkstätte Modern trend -Use of yellow and turquoise colors. The forms are laconic, defined by the requirement of functional and comfortable furniture "for life". In Facebook and Instagram, using #roomblewien and # arkhturven tags, you can study the pieces of furniture that our team liked best. Showroom Neue Wiener Werkstätte LandscapingLandscape design in Vienna pays special attention. The objects that we have considered delight with the stylistic unity of architecture and landscape, the elaboration of the environment, the use of the merits of the relief and the selection of plants. There is a feeling of natural growth of plants inherent in this area, combined with garden ones. And landscape solutions convey the special mood of the objects. So, at the famous oil mill in South StyriaA combination of small architectural forms and plants of the master conveyed the history and heritage of the region. On a circle plants are planted, from which the oil is squeezed out. Arranged fruits of the pumpkin, which is the property of the region, the main component of local cuisine - Styrian pumpkin oil is considered almost a delicacy. The building of the oil mill and the landscape was developed by the same architect, which is generally typical of Viennese objects. We saw confirmation of this in. Architecture Vienna is the capital of Austriandirections of modern art nouveau and secession. We were interested in the characteristics of these areas, modern architecture and, of course, the neighborhood of the classic and the new in a relatively small city (the area is equal to 1/6 of the area of ​​Moscow, the population is 1.75 million people). The appearance of Vienna, which appears before us now,Was formed in 1870-1910 - during the period of active development. Then came the order of the authorities to destroy the fortress walls and take into account the green zones around them. A new town planning plan was adopted and a new philosophy of architecture was born. Of course, when exploring cities, you need to start with theirbases, foundations, from what has already become part of the local culture - from the works of great architects. At the turn of the century, Otto Wagner, Josef Hoffmann, Adolf Loos or Josef Maria Olbrich embodied projects that became the starting point for a new understanding of architecture. Otto Wagner - Master of Austrian Art Nouveau It was during the period of his passion that the direction of the secession gave Jugendstil more color than even in the Italian design, as we mentioned above. Verily, this is an architect whose worksMust be studied in detail by every modern designer. And he is worthy of fame not only for a revolution in architecture, but also for the urgency of his works and today, after more than 100 years! His most famous projects are embodied in the 90'sYears of the XIX century. This apartment houses "Majolikahaus" (Majolikahaus) and house number 3. In the design of their facades, vertical lines and plant ornaments, created from ceramics and metal, prevailed. In 1906 the building of Austrian savings banks (Österreichischen Postsparkasse) was erected.

Technological equipment of buildings is a real admiration for the genius of this man:

  • Glass ceiling of the ground floor for natural lighting;

  • heat guns, acting like modern ones;
  • Engineering elements, serving at the same time and decor.

The end of the era of the Viennese Art Nouveau came along withThe coming to power of the Social Democratic government in 1918. And the emergence of social housing construction, which was a housing complex - bulky, multifunctional buildings, each represents a separate city in the city. Modern architecture Modern is consideredbuildings in Vienna, embodied according to projects created since the 60s of the XX century. The so-called Austrian phenomenon has given the city a new look. Revolutionary building designs emerged in the 80s. Case in point: the glass building opposite St. Stephen's Cathedral, designed by Hans Hollein, caused a real architectural scandal. Despite this, and maybe, thanks to this,Modern Viennese architecture began to attract increased attention, which also contributed to the projects of Kup Himmelblow, Jean Nouvel, Massimiliano Fuksas and Zaha Hadid. Our acquaintance with the city began with a design hotelTopazz, erected a few years ago by the architectural bureau BWM Architekten und Partner in walking distance from St. Stephen's Cathedral. The hotel embodies the Austrian idea of ​​modern architecture and art. Another object that attracted our attention with its architectural design and purpose is the Safitel hotel, designed by the famous French architect Jean Nouvel. The building has a unique glass facade, a spacious lobby with a video ceiling and a panoramic view of Vienna, and in the protruding glass part there is a shopping center. Vienna River Station deserves special mentionAttention - not only as a port, but also as an interesting architectural object: a hinged landing stage - a three-story structure with terraces on 20 piles and a transition to the embankment. Reconstruction of the Albertina Museum with the famouscollection of art objects is located next to the Opera and the winter garden. However, it was decided to modernize the historical center, and for this reason, during the reconstruction, a modern entrance was added to the museum in the form of a console extended about 50 meters. An outrageous decision by the city government, which caused a visual dissonance with the entire quarter. But it turned out to be a profitable commercial move, since after the reconstruction the museum became the most visited museum in Austria. Reconstruction of other facilities very much: Most of the historic buildings are built on neat glass penthouses that are not visible from the bottom. Some narrow streets and courtyards have acquired a modern and very pleasant appearance after replacing windows, installing beautiful mirror shutters, applying facade lighting. On the first floors of these houses are shops and cafes. Another attraction of Vienna - fourTower buildings, reconstructed gasholders slightly smaller than Moscow's, but still impressive in their scale relative to the surrounding buildings. French architect Jean Nouvel and Austrian Coop Himmelb (l) au were engaged in their reconstruction, the latter built a curved residential tower near the old building. The journey turned out to be very intense again,There are many impressions from the trip! In the second part of the review, we will tell you more about the Vienna University of Economics and Business. And of course, we invite you to join us on the next architectural excursions - see everything with your own eyes and recharge with the indescribable energy of new cities and their heritage! The editors would like to thank Konstantin Isakov () for the help in organizing the trip, as well as the Neue Wiener Werkstätte company.

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