House and Cottage

Building a house: preparation and stages of construction

Want to build a dream house and can not wait to start? Today we will tell you what steps need to be done for this, and our expert will advise when it is best to start a construction site. You have long dreamed of building your own house, and here is the necessary amount in your hands. There is a desire to build your nest - but is it only possible to build a house in the autumn and what steps need to be taken before starting construction work?

1. Examine the site

It is impossible to work out a project for a future home withoutSite research. Geologists are engaged in this, which you can find in specialized companies. After checking the site, they issue an opinion, and on its basis you can make the project.

2. Order the project

Then go to the architectural company forWith the help of specialists. Because it will be very difficult to make it independently. The project is not just drawings on paper, but also estimates, as well as a whole list of technical details. Without this set of permits for construction in local instances is not obtained. Our opinion: - If you suddenly decided to change the project, and these changes are of a global nature (more than 10% of the initial project), you will have to reconcile this with the district architect. If you do not do this, you will not be able to avoid a fine of imposing size and problems with further processing of documents.

3. Obtain a building permit

For this step, you need to contactLocal government bodies, for example, in the administration of their city. After the submission of all documents, if the project meets all standards, you will be given an act on the construction permit. Documents you will need:

  • Certificate of land ownership;
  • passport;
  • A copy of the project of the house together with a copy of the documents from the organization that designed it;
  • Application for building permits (write in the administration).

Our opinion: - Remember that you need to coordinate the project with all the neighbors that your plot borders. This is done so that in the future they can not make you claim that your construction affects their territory. According to the experience of many friends we can say that the step of obtaining a building permit can be postponed for a while, or begin to receive it, starting the construction in parallel. Of course, for this you must be absolutely sure that the project is made perfectly and there will be no special pritenzy to it. What you need to be prepared for: you may be asked to make small changes, for example, over the cut of communications. Or to the location of the entrance gate.

4. Check out some more documentation

The list of documents published above is not yet available.Once you need it. For example, to request a site survey in the architecture committee (Geonadzor department). It is necessary for issuing you an act and a plan, where the axis of the structure and the boundaries of the land plot are indicated. For a construction passport, all these documents will also be needed. They are filed in the same place, in the committee of architecture. You also have to visit Gospozhnadzor and Gossanepidnadzor, where they agree on a plan for locating buildings on the selected site. On this trip to the authorities do not end. Now it is necessary to walk through the organizations responsible for the piping of sewage, light, water, gas to the house. They should check that everything is according to norms. It remains to obtain permits for assembly and earth works - and it's a hat! Our opinion: - Start construction work within two years after the completion of all documentation. After this period you will have to run again to all instances and get permission again. If you meet the deadline and start work on time, then you can continue building just as much as you need. Terms of erection are not regulated by law.

5. Start construction

And now all the documents are ready, you can startConstruction. Perhaps you have a lot of knowledge in the field of building houses or have a special education. Then it will be easier for you to cope with all the difficult tasks, otherwise contact the professional company where the team of architects, engineers, designers, builders works. Do not choose the first organization that came to you. Study the information, read the reviews, ask your friends, maybe they will advise you people who are well-proven in business.

Expert opinion

In such a serious matter as building a houseJust can not do without the help of a specialist. We asked some questions about the engineer Areg Samvelyan. Areg Samvelyan, engineer, head of the construction and architectural company - - What needs to be done before the construction of the house? - - The first is to conduct the geodesy of the site, as if this is not done, then it will be necessary to work "blindly". That is, if the builders encounter an obstacle that was not foreseen by the project, they will have to stop the work before resolving this issue, which will inevitably lead to a rise in the cost of work. - - Can there be any difficulties at this stage? - - A less optimistic scenario is also possible. In order not to stop the work and not to jeopardize the whole construction process, they can solve this issue at their own discretion, with an amendment to your budget on the system "and so will it." If such unscrupulous builders come across, then no one will give guarantees of quality to the house. - What type of foundation will you advise? Is it possible to build a house in the fall? - - The type of foundation is determined depending on the type of house and soil. In the case when the project provides a monolithic reinforced concrete foundation, it is better to have patience and postpone the beginning of construction for a warm season with more stable temperature indexes. If for some reason you still decided on this step, then it is desirable to lay the foundation in the early autumn, then prepare it for the winter. In the event that the project provides a pile-screw foundation, then it can be laid at any time of the year. As a rule, it is provided for light house construction and areas with high groundwater. It is relatively inexpensive and is laid in a matter of days. On such a foundation, it is possible to build houses of frame type or a small frame. - - What material will you advise for the construction of a house in the autumn period? - If you started construction in late autumn or winter, it's better to make of wood, especially since the winter forest is considered the best. It can be glued beam, round log, chipped beam or frame house - there is already a choice for you.