They were going to make repairs, but do not know how to take into accountall the important issues related to electricity? Our article will show 10 basic errors, thereby warning you what to look for. When designing an apartment, one of the most important steps is laying electrical wires and planning outlets with lighting. If you approach this issue without due attention, then after a while you will have to change everything. To prevent this from happening, let's study the basic mistakes associated with electricians. Error 1.No common switch Install a common switch at the entrance to the apartment. This powerful switch is necessary so that you can turn off all the electrics in the apartment at once - for repairs or in case of any unexpected surprises. It is best to install it directly in front of the meter so that the latter can be replaced. Mistake 2.No wiring Wiring must be routed to rooms, including separate vending machines for the kitchen, bedrooms, bathrooms and living room. If the house has several floors, it is recommended to have its own network for each floor. You can also make separate sockets, and separately - the overhead light. Mistake 3.There are no powerful outlets From the electrical panel to the outlets, which will have a heavy load, it is worth laying separate lines. This is true when installing powerful household appliances, such as a dishwasher and washing machine, microwave oven or climate system, operating in conditions of high energy consumption. Error 4.Lack of grounding For the sake of electrical safety, it is imperative that all circuits be grounded (not the battery). This is vital in order to exclude the possibility of electric shock to a person touching the body of an electrical appliance with a broken insulation. Error 5.Calculations not made In order to avoid a short circuit caused by heating of the conductor, the load should always be calculated so that no excess occurs. It is best to install machines with a capacity of 16-25 amperes. And it will be important to find out the power at the voltage input. It is also worth immediately calculating the number of wires required to connect to each outlet. Ideally, draw up a detailed diagram. Error 6.Voltage surges are not taken into account If you know that the network is subject to voltage surges, you need to install special electric rectifiers. For high-precision devices - server, computer - voltage stabilizers are provided. Error 7.Did not pay attention to the wire itself The thickness of each wire must correspond to the calculated load. Wiring should only be copper, not even consider aluminum, since this material is prone to quick breakdown. Each wire must be placed in a separate braid, and so that when installed inside the walls, the insulation or any other material that appears there does not heat up, a special corrugated hose is needed. Error 8.Outlets are haphazardly positioned It is very important to place the outlets in strict alignment. Power outlets should not be near batteries, water or gas. In the bathroom and toilet, the sockets must be waterproof, and not only from the ingress of liquid on them, but also from water vapor. And the lamps should be immediately protected from leaks, since the risk associated with neighbors from above has not been canceled. Error 9.Flashing LEDs The smallest error, but generally quite annoying. Many people buy switches with special LEDs that show their location in the dark. And if the light bulbs in the room are energy-saving, then these LEDs will constantly flash due to voltage surges. Error 10.Incorrect layout When planning an apartment, even at the initial stage, you must immediately imagine how it will look. Design, style and corresponding arrangement of furniture, objects and household appliances. Since the location of the sockets will greatly depend on this. Calculate right away where they will need to be placed in accordance with your design vision of the space and in what quantity. It often happens that some sockets remain idle, while in the place where they are really needed, they are not there or are simply not enough.
December 15, 2017
December 14, 2017