GVL flooring by one's own hands: device diagram


Sex, arranged according to all rules, representsa complex construction, which includes a rough base, leveling screed, finish coat. A special role is played by leveling the floor with a screed, which can be produced by wet or dry method. The latter has become increasingly used in the construction and repair of buildings. Dry technology for flooring in another way is called installing a floor from GVL. Having at hand all the necessary materials and tools, it is not difficult even for a novice master to make a floor from GWL. Scheme of installation of GVL plates on the floor.

General scheme of the device of a floor from GVL

Gypsum fiber sheets (GVL) aremodern building material, which consists of fluff pulp and reinforced gypsum, has a high density and a homogeneous structure. Even such a high-quality finishing material, like gypsum cardboard, loses to him in many basic indicators. The general scheme of the device of a floor from ГВЛ looks as follows: The scheme of the device of a floor with application gypsum cardboard.

  • surface preparation;
  • floor waterproofing;
  • leveling backfill;
  • GVL flooring;
  • finish coat.

The essence of the dry method of device sex isleveling the floor with some fine-grained material, for example, expanded clay, on which two layers of GVL are installed. After that, on top of the sheets, on a perfectly flat prepared surface, the finish of the floor is made. To ensure that such a floor has served for a long time, it is necessary to observe certain conditions:

  • backfilling surface must be brought to a perfectly flat state;
  • Use only a solid finish coat: laminate, parquet, porcelain stoneware, etc.

In order to understand all the intricacies of the floor device from GVL, it is necessary to dwell on each stage of the work in more detail. Back to contents</a>

Preparing the surface of the floor, materials and tools

In order to carry out the basic work qualitatively, it is necessary to conduct thorough preparation. It includes: Scheme of dry floor screed using GVL.

  • Surface preparation;
  • correct selection of materials and tools.

First, the old floorcoating and cleaning of construction debris. After that, the floor is inspected for various cracks, potholes, cracks and other damages. To eliminate them, depending on the size, can be used expanded clay, gravel or brick battles. Remove these damage is necessary in order to subsequently in these places, under the weight of the embankment, would not be destroyed waterproofing. To arrange a floor from GVL, it is necessary to prepare the required materials and tools:

  • expanded clay fine;
  • crushed stone;
  • brick battle;
  • polyethylene film (for concrete);
  • building scotch;
  • parchment (for boards);
  • Edgeband tape;
  • building level;
  • measuring instruments;
  • marker;
  • lighthouses;
  • cord;
  • rule;
  • gypsum-fiber sheets;
  • Screwdriver;
  • self-tapping screws;
  • PVA glue;
  • notched trowel.

After the training, you can begin to perform the basic work. Back to contents</a>

Waterproofing and leveling floor filling

Technology laying floor screed. The next mandatory stage of work is waterproofing the floor. It should be done in order to preserve gypsum and the final coating from harmful moisture. If the base of the floor is made of concrete, then as a waterproofing film polyethylene film is good, and if the base of the boards, then you can use pergamina. All waterproofing material is laid with special care, with overlapping strips of 10 (cm) and with the bend of it on the walls. To fix the strips of material, you can use building tape. To improve the soundproofing around the perimeter of the room, glue the edge band. With the help of measuring instruments, a cord, a marker and a building level on the walls, they make restrictive marks, which need to be oriented when filling. The thickness of the leveling backfill will depend on the roughness of the rough floor and can be up to 6 (cm). Prepared bulk material, for example, expanded clay, is poured onto the floor and by marks on the walls is leveled by the rule. Instead of expanded clay, fine-grained slag, and quartz sand, and screening of claydite production, etc. can be used. All these materials have good flowability, high porosity, low hygroscopicity. It is important that the material for filling the floor before use is well dried, so that later no undesirable deformation of the floor occurs. Back to contents</a>

Flooring of gypsum fiber sheets on the floor

For flooring, you need to use two layerssheets of gypsum fiber. Also special GVL, glued together with a small offset, are produced. For flooring, it is best to use small-sized sheets of gypsum fiber, measuring 120 x 60 (cm). Laying the first layer of GWL on a dry screed begins strictly from the door, otherwise the leveling backfill will be disturbed. During work, you can not walk on the screed. It is important to achieve evenness of laying, so that the sheet does not become buried in the backfill. The second layer of sheets is stacked with a displacement of joints by about 20 (cm) according to the method of brickwork. The sheets of the first and second layers are glued together by glue PVA, applied to their surface with a notched trowel. As a result of the displaced arrangement of the sheets, there is a place for fastening them together with a screwdriver and self-tapping screws. It should be noted that the screws are screwed through 15 (cm) along the entire perimeter of each sheet. Their hats need to be drowned in the surface of the material. After laying sheets of gypsum fiber and their secure bonding with each other, you can proceed with the installation of the finishing coat. Thus, the floor made of gypsum fiber is a perfectly flat surface, obtained in a fast, clean and convenient way, with which even a novice can cope with his own hands. </ ul>