How to expand a private house, townhouse or a warm oneDacha without rebuilding them? The attic is the fastest way to additional meters. We transform the closet under a roof into a spacious room and consider what can be saved. Councils of experts are attached The dream of any teenager and pragmatic romanticism of his parents are found under the roof. Each owner of an individual house or apartment on the last floor of a suburban low-rise building at least once with enthusiasm considered the empty attic meters. The attic has long ceased to be exotic. But many still worry about unforeseen waste and complex construction work. In practice, everything is not so scary. Most private houses in Russia are built withPitched roof, the most convenient design for the equipment of an additional floor. It can be done in one and a half to two months, and with a reasonable approach - and within the framework of a moderate budget.
1. Where to start
Experts and builders unanimously advisePlan the construction of the attic even at the design stage. Even if you are not going to move under the roof immediately, leave yourself the opportunity for the future: bring the main communications - water, heating and sewage. This will later save on building materials and additional work. But if the chance is missed, it does not matter. With rare exceptions, the current level of construction technology allows you to do all this from within, without interfering with the supporting structures. This attic, for example, was converted into aProgram from the uninhabited attic of an old house in Saltykovka - a well-known suburban "old-town" place. Vitaly Romanovskaya called her project "Chest" and suggested several stunning solutions: the chimney pipe, which the owners have not enjoyed for a long time, cut a retro-look similar to a burzhuyk, and mounted a bevel (it was faster, more convenient and cheaper than most other variants ). At the conversion of the attic, Velux roof windows were used. Interior created by designer Vitaliy Romanovskaya Interior created by designer Vitaliy Romanovskaya Interior created by designer Vitaliy RomanovskayaEkaterina Savkina, designer: - Pay attention to the small cozy corner for reading and rest under the attic window. So you can zonate space. The window helps not only to illuminate this part of the room, but also to create a local islet of solitude, which looks very appropriate in the country interior with traditions. Designdirection.ru Interior created by designer Vitaliy Romanovskaya Interior created by designer Vitaliy Romanovskaya Interior created by designer Vitaliy RomanovskayaOur opinion: - As with any repair, the first thing you have to do is to come up with a design project. It will depend not only on the color of the walls and the floor - this can just wait. It is important to immediately understand the location and configuration of windows, staircases, internal partitions and the location of the outputs of the main communications. After this, you can proceed to strengthen the floors, which must withstand the weight of people, furniture and technical devices. It is better to do this under the guidance of professionals who will help you correctly calculate the load-bearing structures for a full-fledged residential floor. All subsequent work under the roof is performed with the use of light materials, which create a minimal additional load on the floors. What can lead to frivolity in suchQuestions - understood. Let's say you dream of having a kitchen equipped with all the necessary household appliances under the roof, or a bathroom in retrostyle. Imagine that the weight of an empty cast-iron bath of medium size is 120-130 kg. And still there will be a man and water pour. You need to be sure that the overlap is ready for this. Such loads should be considered at the design stage.
The next step is warming. Thermal insulation material will protect you from the cold in winter and from the heat in summer. Without it, the inner room heats up much more. He is responsible for soundproofing during rains and thunderstorms. It is clear that it is not worth saving on it. Our opinion: - In the final form, the insulated construction should resemble a puff cake: load-bearing rafters - a roof and a roof with waterproofing - a heater with a hydrosensitive membrane - a vapor barrier - an inner covering of the attic (lining, gypsum board, etc.). Material for insulation should be chosen non-flammable and vapor-permeable, with a thickness of at least 20-25 centimeters. To prevent moisture from accumulating inside, a ventilation gap of 2-5 centimeters is left between the heater and the roofing. Then the air will remove the condensate that forms.
Proximity to the sun, sky and stars is the mainThe source of the romantic reputation of the attic - you do not want to miss. The windows of the attic floor are planned on the gables (traditional or balcony aperture) and in the roof itself on the skates (auditory and attic). Conventional windows in the side walls, as a rule, are not enough to illuminate the whole attic with its complex geometry, especially if it needs to be divided by partitions. To the aid come constructions that are mounted directly into the roof and let in more light. Marina Prozarovskaya, chief engineer of VELUX: - It is important to understand that mansard windows have a ruler of standard sizes. In residential areas it is better to use windows measuring from 78 to 118 cm. To have enough light, according to building codes for every 10 sq. Km. M of the premises should be 1 square. M of the window. The area of the window is easy to determine from the size table. For example, the window 78 by 118 cm is approximately 0.5 square meters. M. So, alone, it can illuminate the room in 5-6 square meters. M. Using these rules, you can easily calculate the number and size of windows you need. It is clear that in children's rooms, living rooms and studios it is better to provide more light than imply a minimum standard. The features of the room are important when choosing a model. Classical wooden windows, eco-friendly and warm, are better for a bedroom and a living room. In the nursery, as well as where the window is located above the bed or workstation, choose a model with an internal triplex glass - it will protect against splinters if the window breaks. For the bathroom and other damp rooms, the optimal solution is the white waterproof windows. If the window is located high, consider the possibility of remote opening using a rod or control panel.
Mansard pie ready for finishing worksUsually comes to the end with cladding lining, wall panels, plywood or plasterboard. The latter, perhaps, the most practical because of its durability and ability to resist moisture. Covered with putty gypsum cardboard can already be painted, plastered or wallpapered. Ekaterina Savkina, designer: - Interesting angular geometry of the attic - its main aesthetic plus and structural minus. When planning such premises, remember that the floor area is not a real useful area. On the other hand, it is thanks to cozy niches, half-hidden corners and beveled ceilings in such spaces that children feel fine, both small and older. Designdirection.ru Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina SavkinaLoft for a teenager - the last project of Catherine - is convincing proof of this. To create a comfortable studio, I had to complete the walls of the townhouse. These efforts more than offset the result. It turned out to be an optimal and almost autonomous space, in which everything is for the independent life of a young person: a sleeping area, a micro kitchen, a sofa, a TV and storage systems. At the bevels of the roof, Velux attic windows are installed. Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina Savkina Interior created by designer Ekaterina SavkinaEkaterina Savkina, designer: - The most important thing in the construction of the attic - a good and thorough insulation and accurate and competent installation of properly selected windows. On this depends on your further comfort - it's a question of the roof, which should not allow any leaks. To install such windows it is better to invite specialists. Otherwise, the attic windows look great, allow a lot of light to enter the interior, which is especially important for children's and teenage spaces, and create a rich choice of possibilities: from the simplest models to the designs with sliding balconies. Designdirection.ru
The most tangible savings will come if the ownerWill take on at least some of the work on the finishing of the attic. To save on the roof and lighting, apparently, will not work. Our opinion: - The price of turning an attic into a full-fledged residential floor entirely depends on the features of the roof and can be very different. Having phoned several construction companies in the capital, we found out that the average cost of insulating, strengthening and budgetary finishing (carpet) attic for a small country house (6 x 6 m) will cost approximately 10-14 thousand rubles per square meter of the space. If the budget is limited, you can take on the finishing trim or save on the windows, putting simple basic models to start (install suitable mansard curtains on them, remote control can be done later).