How to make a plasterboard ceiling: step by step instruction

Drywall is a very convenient material. It is widely used for decoration of walls and partitions, doorways, ceilings and other tasks. An additional advantage of drywall is that the construction of it can be erected without the use of complex tools. A drill and a screwdriver are enough. Despite its simplicity in handling, the material makes it possible to create almost any plasterboard ceiling that fully meets the needs of the owner. With a strong desire, you can make a plasterboard ceiling with your own hands. The system does not require much experience. It is only necessary to follow the instructions in everything and perform the installation in stages. Scheme of gypsum plasterboard ceilingScheme of the gypsum plasterboard ceiling.

Installation rules for plasterboard ceilings

Plasterboard construction device of anytype should be performed in dry and warm conditions. This must be done before the final floor is installed. Before proceeding with the installation of the structure, it is better to prepare a sketch and think in detail about the options for arranging furniture and lighting so that electricity is spent as efficiently as possible. Think about what kind of drywall the structure will be made of. So, you can from waterproof and regular drywall. If the neighbors flood you up above, the moisture-resistant material will only need to be refurbished a little. The usual one will have to be changed completely. This moment is relevant for people living in apartment buildings. If you are making repairs in a private house where there is no threat of flooding of neighbors, you can use ordinary sheets for mounting the structure. They are noticeably cheaper than their moisture-resistant counterparts. Scheme of the structure of drywall sheet. A simple material allows you to hide even the most noticeable defects. In addition to this, it is inexpensive, which makes it an excellent option for both urban apartments and private cottages, and for holiday homes. Thus, the plasterboard ceiling has many advantages:

  • It allows you to hide a wide variety of defects.
  • With this design, you can hide electrical wiring and other communications.
  • from gypsum cardboard it is possible with own hands.
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    Preparation of tools for work

    To make the work as comfortable as possible, fastand qualitative, prepare in advance all the necessary tools. At this stage, you need to take into account the two main indicators: the amount of work performed and the available budget. For simple home repairs, which are performed every few years, it's pointless to buy expensive professional tools. So in this moment, focus solely on your needs and requests. And you need the following:

  • Yardstick.
  • The plumb line. With this tool, you can check the smoothness of the surface in the vertical direction.
  • Building level. The functions are similar to the plumb line, but the flatness of the horizontal arrangement is checked.
  • Corner. It will be used for marking corners. With his help, you can check the perpendicularity of the lines.
  • T-shirt. It is useful at the stage of cutting profiles and sheets.
  • Tools for installing gypsum cardboard ceiling. Cutting sheets of material and processing the edges will be performed using the following tools:

  • Cutter and knife for gipsokartonnyh sheets. They will help you to cut out the material according to the format and cut off the stripes of different widths.
  • Hand hacksaw. With its help you can cut through the necessary holes.
  • Rasp. Useful in the process of adjusting the size and alignment of the edges of the finishing material.
  • Edge planer or knife. With these tools you can remove the chamfer from the edges of the GCR.
  • Shears for metal. Are necessary for cutting the profile.
  • Directly mounting profiles and sheets will be performed with the help of such tools:

  • Drill. Helps you prepare holes in the ceiling, sheets, profiles.
  • Screwdriver. It will be necessary at the stage of fixing the sheets to the profiles.
  • In addition, you will need the following:

  • Poluterok, trowel and a few spatulas. With the help of these tools, you can process the joints between drywall sheets and seal the grooves from the heads of the screws.
  • Several brushes and rollers.
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    Guide to creating markup

    Layout scheme for plasterboard ceiling.In order for the plasterboard ceiling to be perfectly flat, the correct markings should be done before work. It is better to first draw up a detailed plan on paper, and then transfer the finished diagram to. On the diagram, be sure to note what the distance will be between the rough ceiling and the plasterboard ceiling. The main purpose for which the preliminary marking is carried out is to determine the horizontal line and further apply the skipping to the walls of the room along its entire perimeter. The rough ceiling is often uneven. So that the finished drywall construction does not have distortions, you need to make all the marks at the same level. Due to the unevenness of the rough ceiling, they will be at different distances from it. If the area of ​​the room does not exceed 30 m², a simple building level can be used to break the horizontal. You apply it to the wall at the height of the future structure and align it so that the bubble is located between the flask marks. After that, you will only need to draw a marking line on the wall of the room along the level. Then the level moves along the wall, and the horizontal continues until all walls are marked. The end point must be the same as the start point. For greater accuracy, use a hydraulic level. Its design is extremely simple: 2 connected vessels, each with a scale. It is necessary to place these vessels at the required height in different corners of the room and ensure that the water level in the communicating vessels is the same. A mark is also applied to the wall. According to this scheme, the entire perimeter is marked. Scheme profile for gypsum plasterboard ceiling. To join labels use a long ruler or suitable improvised devices (for example, a piece of profile). Another important task of this stage is to apply parallel marking lines along the length and width of the ceiling before performing the installation. The lines will show the locations of the CD profile and hangers. Due to the fact that in most cases, drywall sheets have a width of 120 cm, parallel lines need to be done in 40 cm or 60 cm increments. Thanks to this, the joints of the sheets will be on the profile, which will ensure their secure attachment. Back to contents</a>

    Step-by-step instruction for assembling the frame

    The frame is assembled using the following materials:

  • UD-profiles of 27x28 m.
  • CD-profiles 60x27 mm.
  • Suspensions for CD-profiles.
  • Self-tapping screws, dowels, screws.
  • Connecting profiles.
  • First you will need to install the guideUD profile. It is mounted on the previously made markup. Use dowels for installation. Pass the step in 50-80 cm. Be sure to check the leveling of the profiles. In accordance with the marking, fix the suspension for the CD-profiles on the ceiling. They should be installed at a distance of 1 m. For fastening to the wooden floor, use self-tapping screws, to the concrete - dowels. Installation of these devices on adjacent parallel lines is performed in staggered order. Materials for the assembly of the skeleton of the ceiling fromdrywall. Draw the thread along the marking lines. It is stretched at the level of mounted UD-profiles. With the help of screws, attach the main CD-profiles to the UD-profiles. Carefully check that the installation is level. At the walls they should be inserted into the guide profiles. If the long wall of the room is larger than 1 main profile, use crabs or connectors for docking. Fastening of transverse profiles is carried out to longitudinal crabs and by means of self-tapping screws at a distance of 40-60 cm. After the frame has been assembled, it is necessary to check the structure for stiffness, horizontal and evenness. If the rigidity is not enough, tighten the screws. At this stage, electric wires and fixtures for chandeliers are mounted. All the wiring of the safety technician requires installing over the construction. Do not lay cables in profiles. Back to contents</a>

    The order of carcass sewing

    You will need the following:

  • Drywall sheets.
  • Self-tapping screws. The thread must be no more than 25 m.
  • At this stage, you will need an assistant. Drywall sheets are quite heavy, and it is inconvenient to keep them alone during the fastening process. Before proceeding to the plating, take a plane or a knife and take a facet about 2/3 of the thickness on the end edge of the sheet. Especially you can not try, joints do not have to be perfect, because In the future, all the irregularities still zashpaklyuyutsya. Scheme of installation of drywall ceiling. To the CD-profile sheets are attached using self-tapping screws. You need to drown the heads of the fastening screws a little. It is important that the long sides of the SCL dock on the middle of the longitudinal profile. Also, it is not possible for the joint of the end faces of the sheets to sag in the air. Under this joint, a cross piece of the profile is fixed. Place the material sheets in such a way that they move slightly along the long side with respect to each other. The displacement distance does not matter much, it is important only that the 4 corners do not coincide in one place. Back to contents</a>

    Installation of the 2nd and the following levels of construction

    The second level of the structure can have a different appearance. Drywall is convenient in that it allows you to create even the most complex curvilinear drawings and decorate the room to your liking. First you need to draw a diagram of the desired pattern on paper, and then transfer it to the surface of the 1st level. Secure the CD profiles along the contour. You need to do this in such a way that the main part of the new design is attached to the first-level CD profiles. In places of bends, the profiles are cut along the lateral surfaces. After that, you need to bring the wiring to the installation sites of the lighting fixtures, and then cut the sheets according to the selected pattern and lay it according to the scheme. For fixing to the profile, use the plug-in screws. Scheme of a two-level ceiling with a luminaire. In the next stage, holes are prepared for the lighting fixtures. Close the profile along the edge of the projecting surface using a strip of the appropriate width. Dampen the material with water to soften it and create a curved pattern, then fix it to the profile. Process the edges with a rasp, and the seams should be sealed with a reinforcing tape, so that there will be no cracks in the lateral joints of the GCR. By the same principle, the material fits into all other levels, if they are provided by the design. Back to contents</a>

    Features of installation of an oval-shaped ceiling

    If you want, you can make a designoval shape. It is mounted according to the considered principle, but there are a number of important differences that you need to know about. First, the markup is prepared. Consider that the oval can have the right and wrong shape. You can draw ovals in a variety of ways. To prepare a figure of the correct form, it is better to make a template in advance and use it in the process of work. In the absence of a template, you can use the following simple method of applying an oval. First, on the surface of the ceiling, you need to draw 2 intersecting circles. The larger the intersection area, the smaller will be the ready-made oval. This is done extremely simply. First you need to mark the center of the ceiling. In order for the oval to be exactly in the center, from this point, taking into account the desired size, it is necessary to retreat the required distance from both sides. The parties choose according to how the arcs of this construction will be located. That is, as a result, you will get 3 points. The last two are the centers of future circles. Now, based on these points, you can draw circles. However, you need to know how to do it right. Schematic of a circular ceiling made of plasterboard. The ceiling has a fairly large area and a common compass here does not help. But you can collect homemade compasses without any problems. Fasten the self-tapping screw in the center of the 1st circle and install a wire with a pencil pre-mounted on the end. The length of the wire should correspond to the radius of the circle. With this simple design, you can draw a circle. By the same scheme, prepare and the 2nd circle. After both figures are applied, connect the side parts of the circles with straight lines, so that the oval gets a complete look. At this markup is ready. You can safely proceed with the arrangement of the frame. Remember that the depth of the 2nd level depends on the profile used, you can independently adjust these indicators. For example, for a UD profile, the width is usually 25 mm, and the UD profiles are 50, 75 and 100 mm wide. Choose the most suitable option. First you need to prepare 2 blanks for the straight sides of the figure. Cut them in size. Use self-tapping screws for fastening. Directly fastening is carried out to the frame of the 1st level, straight through gipsokartonnye sheets. After this, as with the arrangement of the 1st level, parallel lines are placed inside the oval, along which the CD-profile will be fastened. The latter is inserted into WD or UD. Use self-tapping screws for fastening. All CD-profiles, the length of which exceeds 0.5 m, are additionally fixed with hangers. After these works the frame will need to be covered with plasterboard. Cutting of the rounded places is performed only after they are fully installed on the frame. At the end, the ceiling shpaklyuetsya and carried out its finish trim. For this you can use paint, wallpaper or other suitable material to choose from. Successful work!