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How to make an ideal Wi-Fi-network for a country house - etk-fashion.com

The realities of modernity are such that the Internet is neededanytime and anywhere. But what about the dacha house, which is at a considerable distance from cities and satellites? We will tell you what problems are to be solved, and warn about possible mistakes. Technologies are now able to provide a comfortable life in all its aspects. Fast Internet everywhere is an absolute necessity. It is needed in apartments, offices and in country houses. IT-expert of the design studio "Your space" Vitaly Krikov helped us to deal with this difficult topic of building a Wi-Fi network outside the city. It turned out a certain overview of technology - with a description of some of the limitations that manufacturers are slow to tell, and ordinary people do not think. Vitaly Krikov, "Its space" IT-expert design studio, which has existed for more than 15 years. It is possible to order a design project for a country house or apartment with a projected local network. Selection and adjustment of equipment can also be carried out by the company's specialists. Svoeprostranstvo.ru Broadband Internet connection - not a basic option of a country house. In most cottage settlements this possibility is laid by management companies, but even this - the simplest for the user - the solution often has shortcomings. And it happens that the only way to connect your house to the digital civilization is the mobile Internet. About him and speech. Almost everyone has smartphones, Internet access inThey are provided initially. Sim card, contract, monthly fee - and everything works. The same scheme - in tablets and even in computers: it's enough to use your phone as a modem, including it in the access point mode, or to buy another modem with USB-input. You can watch movies or family video on your TV. Here comes a media adapter like chromecast. It will allow to display on the big screen what is in the smartphone or tablet. Of course, if the Internet inside the house and the tariff plan allow it. If you need remote access to the CCTV system, you can again buy a modem: of course, if the system allows it. Exchange files, create a shared storage forPhoto and video archives are organized through "clouds". Thus, several modems, several SIM cards with different tariffs, money on accounts - and everything works. Only it turns out quite expensive and extremely inefficient. And I want to make it easier and, more importantly, cheaper. You can read about the Wi-Fi signal amplification. On the technological limitations of Wi-Fi It seemedWould that be easier to provide a country house with a Wi-Fi network? Definitely better to use an external antenna - it gives a high speed mobile Internet connection and the ability to choose a direction to a less busy base station. The antenna connects to the modem, the modem - with a Wi-Fi-router, distributing the Internet to all devices. One additional SIM card - and all home devices online! The advantages of this solution are obvious: the absence of unnecessary wires and the ease of installation. But the disadvantages are much greater. All devices must have Wi-Fi-adapters, there are many questions - to the reliability of communication and the coverage area. Many antennas are not design ModernWi-Fi-routers use several groups of antennas to increase the speed of exchange. MiMo-technology, when one group of antennas is responsible for receiving, the other for transmitting is the main way to fight for speed. But in order to get this speed, in the device that connects to the router, the technology should be the same. Which antennas are installed in your device? Are they able to provide you with the speed stated by the manufacturer of the Wi-Fi router? Probably not. It turns out that the big speed figures indicated on the box do not relate to your reality, but only to the laboratory tests of the manufacturer of the router. Although its performance itself is by no means the last characteristic for providing a fast network. The more devices, the lower the speed SpeedWi-Fi depends on many factors: the equipment used, the distance, the presence of interference and even the orientation of the device in space. And still it is necessary to remember about different communication standards - after all, there are also old devices. It is also important to take into account that Wi-Fi technology is half-duplex, that is, at one time the signal is either received or transmitted. It turns out, that the declared speed at once should be divided in half. Next, the speed is divided between all devices. Connected gadgets will work in turn, and while one device sends something, others will be waiting. The waiting periods are short, but the longer this queue, the lower the speed on a particular device. Downloading a large file on one device will slow the video playback on the other. Another factor, on which speed is highly dependent, is the contamination of the selected communication channel. Most likely, in a country house there will not be many closely located access points, as in multi-apartment buildings or offices, and equipment using radio channels, there is also little. However, these are all technological limitations, they need to be known and taken into account, because they, as natural phenomena, exist. Whether we like it or not. "Increase the cover - lower the speed" All householdWi-Fi-routers have a limitation on the power of the transmitter. And it is wrong to install in your home a powerful source of electromagnetic radiation. Therefore, the following problem arises: insufficient coverage. With a small area of ​​Wi-Fi coverage, you can fight using home Wi-Fi repeaters (repeaters), but you need to remember that technologically this will result in you sacrificing speed. That is, the slogan of Wi-Fi-repeaters might look like this: "Increase the coverage - lower the speed". Manufacturers do not write this on the boxes, but they do not declare about maintaining the connection speed with the head unit - these are the limitations of the technology itself. After installing the Wi-Fi-repeater, you can get an effect that is the opposite of your expectation - the signal level will increase and the transmission speed will decrease. But the device manufacturer promised to you and increase the coverage area. About the speed of no one said anything and did not ask. Where and what to place As a result,dilemma. To get a good mobile Internet signal, the antenna should be placed high, preferably on the roof or, in extreme cases, in the attic. Connect the antenna to the modem using the shortest possible cable - to avoid attenuation of the signal. Otherwise, what the antenna has amplified is lost in the wires. But the Wi-Fi signal is needed below. However, the signal decays when passing through the floors and walls, especially if they are reinforced concrete. How to get full speed in these conditions? The solution is to install additional access points and link them to the head unit with wired connections. And now the design of the segment of a wired local network has practically begun. And it solves only one problem - fast Wi-Fi. That is, the "patchwork" approach - we correct what was torn. Assigning the same name to Wi-Fi networks is notCreates a single network Having installed multiple access points, you will certainly encounter the following problem: choosing your device with an access point with the best signal level and less load. And this should already be implemented not just as a set of heterogeneous access points with the same network names and connection settings, but with the help of a full-fledged "seamless Wi-Fi" technology. Or you will be unpleasantly surprised that being in the immediate vicinity of the access point, your device will not switch to it until it finally loses the signal from the last point. What to do The most correct way -The organization of a full-fledged wired LAN in your country house to combine the necessary digital devices. This does not mean refusing to use Wi-Fi, but now you need to intelligently integrate it into the network. After all, with all the obvious disadvantages of Wi-Fi is convenient. And this plus definitely needs to be used. To be continued…

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