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How to make an ideal Wi-Fi-network for a country house - etk-fashion.com

The realities of our time are such that the Internet is neededanytime and anywhere. But what to do with a country house located at a considerable distance from cities and satellites? We will tell you what problems have to be solved and warn about possible mistakes Technologies are now able to provide a comfortable life in all its aspects. Fast Internet everywhere is already an urgent need. It is needed in apartments, offices and country houses. Vitaly Krikov, an IT expert at the Svoye Space design studio, helped us deal with this difficult topic of building a Wi-Fi network outside the city. It turned out to be a kind of review of technologies - with a description of some of the limitations that manufacturers are in no hurry to talk about, and ordinary people do not think about. Vitaly Krikov, Svoye Vostochny An IT expert at a design studio that has existed for over 15 years. It is possible to order a design project for a country house or apartment with a projected local network. Selection and adjustment of equipment can also be carried out by the company's specialists. svoeprostranstvo.ru Broadband Internet connection is not a basic option for a country house. In most cottage settlements, this opportunity is provided by management companies, but even this - the simplest for the user - solution often has drawbacks. And it happens that the only way to connect your home to the digital civilization is the mobile Internet. About him and speech. Almost everyone has smartphones, Internet access inthey are provided initially. SIM card, contract, subscription fee - and everything works. The same scheme is in tablets and even in computers: you just need to use your phone as a modem by turning it into an access point mode, or buy another modem with a USB input. You can watch movies or family videos on TV. This is where the chromecast type media adapter comes to the rescue. It will allow you to display what is in your smartphone or tablet on the big screen. Of course, if the Internet inside the house and the tariff plan allow it. If you need remote access to the video surveillance system, you can again buy a modem: of course, if the system allows it. File sharing, creating shared storage forphoto and video archives are organized through the "clouds". Thus, several modems, several SIM cards with different tariffs, money in the accounts - and everything works. Only it turns out to be quite expensive and extremely ineffective. And I want to make it easier and, which is no less important, cheaper. You can read about strengthening the Wi-Fi signal. About technological limitations of Wi-Fi It would seem thatwhat could be simpler than providing a country house with a Wi-Fi network? It is definitely better to use an external antenna - this gives a high speed of the mobile Internet connection and the ability to choose a direction to a less loaded base station. The antenna connects to the modem, the modem connects to a Wi-Fi router that distributes the Internet to all devices. One additional SIM card - and all home devices are online! The advantages of this solution are obvious: no extra wires and ease of installation. But there are many more disadvantages. All devices must have Wi-Fi adapters, there are still many questions - to the reliability of the connection and the coverage area. Many antennas are not design ModernWi-Fi routers use several antenna groups to increase the exchange rate. MiMo technology, when one group of antennas is responsible for receiving, the other for transmitting, is the main way to fight for speed. But in order to get this speed, the technology must be the same in the device that connects to the router. What antennas are installed in your device? Are they capable of providing you with the speed claimed by the Wi-Fi router manufacturer? Most probably not. It turns out that the high speed numbers indicated on the box are not related to your reality, but only to the laboratory tests of the router manufacturer. Although its performance itself is far from the last characteristic for ensuring a fast network. The more devices, the lower the speed SpeedWi-Fi depends on many factors: the equipment used, the distance, the presence of interference, and even the orientation of the device in space. And you also need to remember about different communication standards - after all, old devices also come across. It is also important to consider that Wi-Fi technology is half-duplex, that is, at one point in time, a signal is either received or transmitted. It turns out that the declared speed must be immediately divided in half. Then the speed is divided between all devices. The connected gadgets will work in turn, and while one device is transmitting something, the others will be waiting. The wait periods are short, but the longer this queue, the lower the speed on a particular device. Downloading a large file on one device will slow down video playback on another. Another factor on which the speed strongly depends is the clogging of the selected communication channel. Most likely, in a country house there will not be many close-located access points, as in apartment buildings or offices, and there are also few equipment using radio channels. However, these are all technological limitations, they must be known and taken into account, because they, like natural phenomena, exist. Whether we like it or not. "Increase coverage - reduce speed" All householdWi-Fi routers have a transmitter power limitation. And it is wrong to install a powerful source of electromagnetic radiation in your home. Therefore, the following problem arises: insufficient coverage. You can fight a small Wi-Fi coverage area using household Wi-Fi repeaters (repeaters), but remember that technologically this will lead to the fact that you will sacrifice speed. That is, the slogan of Wi-Fi repeaters could look like this: "Increase coverage - reduce speed." Manufacturers do not write this on the boxes, but they also do not claim to maintain the speed of connection with the head unit - after all, these are limitations of the technology itself. After installing a Wi-Fi repeater, you can get the opposite effect to your expectation - the signal level will increase, and the transmission speed will decrease. But the manufacturer of the device promised you an increase in the coverage area. Nobody said or asked anything about speed. Where and what to place As a result,dilemma. To receive a high-quality mobile Internet signal, the antenna must be placed high, preferably on the roof or, in extreme cases, in the attic. You need to connect the antenna to the modem using the shortest cable possible - to avoid signal attenuation. Otherwise, what the antenna has amplified will be lost in the wires. But the Wi-Fi signal is needed at the bottom. However, the signal attenuates when passing the floors and walls, especially if they are reinforced concrete. How to get full speed in these conditions? The solution is to install additional access points and connect them to the head unit with wired connections. And now, the design of the wired LAN segment has almost begun. And it solves only one problem - fast Wi-Fi. That is, the "patchwork" approach - we fix what is torn. Assigning the same name to Wi-Fi networks is notcreates a single network Having installed several access points, you will surely face the next problem - the choice of an access point with a better signal level and less congestion by your device. And this should already be implemented not just as a set of heterogeneous access points with the same network names and connection settings, but using a full-fledged "seamless Wi-Fi" technology. Or you will be unpleasantly surprised that being in the immediate vicinity of an access point, your device will not switch to it until it finally loses the signal from the previous point. What to do The most correct way is to organizea full-fledged wired local area network in your country house to connect the necessary digital devices. This does not mean abandoning the use of Wi-Fi, but now it is necessary to correctly integrate it into the general network. After all, with all the obvious disadvantages of Wi-Fi, it is convenient. And this plus definitely needs to be used. To be continued…

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