Garden and plot

How to equip a Japanese garden: tips for a landscape designer


Sometimes you want to change the villa site toUnrecognizability. For example, to equip the Japanese garden. Stops the complexity of the project. Our experts will prove to you: a Japanese garden on the Russian site - a dream is quite achievable. Can you imagine yourself sitting on the rocks by a quiet pond surrounded by green thickets? If this is what you dream about, you just need to create a Japanese garden on your site. Schematically it looks like this: a reservoir (it symbolizes the sea), along the banks of which lie moss-covered rocks (mountains), and the green crown of trees and bushes completes the fullness of the picture. The natural landscape is ready.

Size and terrain do not matter

Do not despair if you have problems with free space on the site. For Japanese, any piece of land, even the most unsuitable piece of land, will do. The relief is also irrelevant.


The reservoir in the Japanese garden can be very differentForm, but in no way geometric. Its shores are usually cut. The reservoir itself is usually shallow. Often there are stones in it so that you can cross them to the other side. Sometimes stones are replaced with plates.


If your reservoir is deep, then through it you canMake a bridge. For Japanese, garden bridges are not the same as for Europeans. In Japan, the bridge is a symbol. Therefore, it may not be meant for walking at all. Or it is laid directly on dry ground. But more often it is a means of crossing the reservoir. Make a wooden humpbacked bridge with handrails - and oriental flavor to your garden is provided. Gennady Glazkov, landscape designer: - A reservoir in Japanese is when an island is laid out in the middle of a lake or a pond of stones. Such islands the Japanese like to do in the form of a tortoise or a crane - these creatures in Japan are a symbol of a long life. The island connects to the shore with a bridge. This is a wooden structure, zigzag-shaped or arc-shaped. There are turn-based bridges that are made exclusively of stones. If it is problematic to make a reservoir on your site, replace it with a mini-reservoir in the form of a bowl. In the Japanese garden, they serve to wash their hands.


Stones are a symbol of peace. In the Japanese garden they are placed in groups: one, the largest, in the center, around it smaller stones. It is desirable that the stones are rounded, of different size and aged. For this, plant moss on them. Water the stones more often - and the moss will quickly take root. Such mossy stone compositions form the basis of the Japanese garden.


European gardens are gardens with bright flower beds. In Japanese, this option does not work. The color here is not dominant. At best, it only enhances the emphasis in certain places. In the Japanese garden you can see sakura,Decorative plum, magnolia, rhododendron. There are also familiar peonies, irises, chrysanthemums. Also the most suitable plants are dwarf pine, fern, heather, Japanese maple, hydrangeas, hosts. Marina Chernova, landscape designer: - A natural attribute of the Japanese garden is a small bamboo grove. In the Russian climate this plant does not survive the winter. Therefore, it is better for him to find a suitable substitute: dwarf bamboo, farezion, phyllostahis. You can bury a tub in the garden and plant a real bamboo in it. For the winter, naturally, the plant, along with the tub moves to the house.


Often in the Japanese garden you can see the hedge. It either has a purely decorative function, or separates the territory of the Japanese garden from the rest. This is a very convenient technique, if for your exotic garden you have allocated a small corner of the site, which you just need to "hide".


The Japanese garden is illuminated by special lanterns of differentSize. The largest, stone, with a height of 1.5 to 3 meters. Slightly less - lanterns with light directed down are called hidden. There are also lanterns, which are located exclusively near the reservoirs. The smallest light the path.


Just like bodies of water, a Japanese garden should nothave the correct geometric shape. On the contrary, they are winding, as they symbolize our paths of life, which connect fragments of life into a single whole. They are laid out only from natural materials, they are always beautiful and comfortable. When creating a Japanese garden, remember the main thing: it serves not for walking, but for solitude and silent contemplation of the beauty of the surrounding nature.