House and Cottage

How to let light into the interior: a house near Moscow with fantastic glazing


Dream to open your house to the world, but not readyTo let the world into your private life? Compromise is found. A unique house in the suburbs is permeated with warmth and light, but it retains its cosiness and privacy. How did its creators succeed? We'll tell you

Surrounded by pine trees, with a dozen huge windowsreminds at the same time of the proportions of the Russian hut and the laconic cubes of the great architects - Philip Johnson and Mies van der Rohe. But unlike the glass creations of the great modernists, this one is not at all an example of pure art, but a stylish mansion for the comfortable life of a modern family. Ilya Sologubovsky, Arabist interior architect, graduate of the Faculty of Oriental Studies of Moscow State University, an expert on the history of art and culture of France. In 1995 he founded Studio Deco Interiors, which he still runs, and then the French Touch fabric salon. Author of over 50 projects of private interiors in Russia and France, co-author and participant of dozens of other architectural projects, exhibitions, competitions and biennials. Invariably brings refined and elegant French spirit to the created interiors - from classic to eclecticism.

Glass chalet with a view of pine trees near Moscow

The owners of the house are very busy and dynamic people,But who know how to appreciate the warmth of the relationship and the peace of the family hearth. Passionate travelers and admirers of modern art, they wanted to see their house light, sunny and filled with the energy of the surrounding nature, but they were not ready to give up comfort and, moreover, to reveal to the world their private life. As a result, a unique structure, permeated with light, but not transparent, opens up its inner space to the world, but not the personalities of the owners and their children. The very concept of the house dictates a new approach tointerior decoration, which was the work of the famous Moscow interior architect Ilya Sologubovsky. The architectural volume was set by his predecessors, but they did not reach the solution of the facade decoration and interior space of the house.

Ilya Sologubovsky, interior architect:

- This, of course, is not a mono-volume, but the walls wereminimize. It was necessary to touch and the capital part - to deploy a concrete staircase to make it more airy. But the quaint puzzle of the facade wooden finish has no analogues. The hand drew, and the instrument "read" the corners and the proportions of the cells. The image arose from observations of the multicolored bottled European fields, behind the "Christmas tree" of the parquet with its unique transmission of a living tree, Suprematist sketches of the beginning of the 20th century.

After this idea was proposedto the customer, the previous look at the house - a white plastered bottom and a wooden "lining" on top - was immediately lost. But there was one more technical circumstance that determined the original solution. All external window structures have already been completed. It was difficult to combine so many standard sizes with a clear geometric pattern - any horizontal line at some point rested against the window opening. So somewhere they dance from the stove, and in this case - from the windows. At the same time, not a single opening was redone and not a single window was replaced.

The abundance of windows blurs the boundary between the internal andExternal, between the house and the world. The play of light and shadow from surrounding pines creates an unusual atmosphere of airiness, fluidity of interiors. The former model "my house is my fortress" gives way to another - "my house is my terrace, my auditorium". Through the lower row of windows you can admire the pines, through the upper - to observe the floating clouds.

So the house of the future offers an overloadedInformation to the person a new level of rest. The rooms, which formerly lightens and much later darkens, than are supposed in our strip, visually expand. Constantly changing light reveals all the advantages and shades of natural materials - the depth and richness of color and the richness and variety of textures.

Ilya Sologubovsky, interior architect:

- Starting points were individual pieces of furniture and a collection of paintings that at some time were bought by customers on the principle of "I saw - fell in love - I bought it."

They determined the style of the rest of the furniture andcolor balance: dark matt walnut joinery - light decorative wall plaster; light upholstery of the "warehouse" sofa - dark smoked oak parquet; white ceiling - graphic half-timbered beams of the false roof system. In any case, taking into account the abundance of luminous flux, regulated by fabric draperies, made it possible to sharply highlight the dark, and shade the light in the backdrop. And this made the transitions very calm and harmonious.

Minimum funds - maximumArtistic effect. The interior is logically and visually so connected with the landscape that it seems as if they are conversing in one language. Despite the modernity of the house, both external and internal, it creates an amazingly cozy atmosphere - due to warm, natural shades of wood, furniture and fabrics, the smell of wood and the feeling of living natural material.

New approach to glazing

Such a house is not only a challenge to the climate andHabits, but also our ideas about modern technologies. The very idea of ​​a glass house in Russia suggests the idea of ​​a crystal castle - too cold, too open, too dangerous. In fact, a miracle happened long ago. Just not everyone had time to learn about it. Behind the transparent walls can now be as warm, comfortable and safe, as well as behind the stone. All windows and sliding doors, including the highest (3 meters 20 centimeters), in this house are made of glass composite - a high-tech modern material based on fiberglass and polyester resins. Before going down to our doorstep, it was used only in aircraft and rocketry.

For overall glazing, this is the only alternative to aluminum today. Only warmer and more reliable. Plastic with such volumes is not used at all - the profile will not withstand the weight of the glass unit.

Vladimir Mikushin, General Director of OOO Stekloplastik:

- The strength of the glass composite is comparable with steel,On thermal insulation properties - with wood, one of the best materials in this sense, given to us by nature. But the durability of the composite is generally unique. It is believed that he will serve for at least 70 years. Further - it is unknown, because it was invented only in the 70s of the last century.

For architects and engineers, glazing like thisHouses in our strip - a technological cube Rubik. The more transparent the area, the more factors you need to take into account: structural strength, potential heat loss, environmental characteristics of the material, service characteristics and safety. In the glass composite profile, you can insert any double-glazed window, which is necessary for the owner of suburban real estate: anti-shock, unbreakable, low-emission (does not let the ultraviolet rays inside and does not allow heat from radiating out).

From an environmental point of view, the material is almostIs ideal: it is fireproof and does not emit toxic substances in the sun - up to 500 degrees. The weight of this profile is four times less than the metal, and this is significant when using designs of dimensions such as windows in our house. But more importantly, unlike wood, plastic and aluminum, the finished window is practically not subject to deformations or erosion. This means that, in addition to regular wiping, the owner will not have any worries with him.

Vladimir Mikushin, General Director of OOO Stekloplastik:

- From an aesthetic point of view, the glass compositeProfile is in no way inferior to plastic or wood. It all depends on your needs. Thousands of colors, imitations of textures of valuable species of wood, veneers - anything. We even specifically tested the veneered coating. Three weeks the glass composite profile with oak veneer lay in the water. They got it in the same form as they put it. The veneer did not peel off during the "bathing" and did not crack after it had dried. Although, of course, this is already superfluous - only those parts of the profile that are facing the interior are veneered. From the side of the facade they are easy enough to paint.

If you need to glaze a large space orPut a high sliding door, glass composite will not cost more than its analogues of aluminum. If you want to try out new material in an ordinary apartment and put yourself glass-composite windows, they will cost you about 1.5 times more expensive than plastic, but much cheaper than wood.

Glass houses

The concept of a "glass house" belongs toFamous German architect Misu van der Rohe, whose work in many ways determined the face of the urban environment of the 20th century. In the late 40's, he designed the famous Farnsworth House - a 140 m high glass cube raised above the ground, not even divided into rooms. At the end of the work, the customer filed a lawsuit against the artist and lost the trial. Now the house is a museum.

Almost simultaneously its glass houseCreated the best student and follower of Mies van der Rohe - Philip Johnson. The New Canaan House in Connecticut is also built of glass and metal in the form of a rectangle and represents a single space, separated only by furniture. The only separate room inside is a cylindrical bathroom. Johnson built a house for himself and enjoyed it only on weekends. Now there are also guided tours.

A few years ago my glass miracleAppeared in Russia. Architect Andrey Tiguntsev built an apartment house, in which more than half of the facades are glazed, in Irkutsk, on the shore of Lake Baikal, where in the winter it is -50. The interior space is divided into two parts: open, almost entirely united, and private, hidden from prying eyes. In the house and now comfortably lives a family of three people.,