House and Cottage

How to build a house and avoid major mistakes: the opinions of owners and professionals


Millions dream of their own home.But even with the availability of funds, many are afraid to start construction, fearing all kinds of dirty tricks. We have collected opinions on the most common mistakes during construction and are ready to tell you about them. You have decided to build a house. You already know what it will be like: what is its area, how many floors, rooms, balconies. Will it have a basement floor, an attic, how many cars a garage, etc. When planning to build their own housing, many reason something like this: if you invest in construction, then the house should be the envy of everyone. Those who followed this path have already given up their illusions. Our opinion:- When planning a house, calculate its size and number of rooms, only based on the real life of your family. That is, if a family of four lives in a 2-3-room apartment with an area of ​​50-70 sq. m, but this is not enough, then houses with an area of ​​120-150 sq. m is more than enough. And if 240 sq. m and more, then instead of the owner of the house, you can turn into his servant. Another illusion is associated with unnecessary spending on completely unnecessary "options". They concern primarily ground floors and balconies. As practice shows, both are not only useless, but also very costly. Here is an opinion from the Internet of a person who already has all this: - As for the basement: a billiard room, a library, a cinema, it is better not to place there. Well, you won't sit for two hours in the basement, it puts pressure on your brains and it's hard to breathe there, since the walls are concrete and no ventilation will help! The same can be said about Fr.According to their owners, a balcony makes sense only in the case of very small areas and if there is a good view (for example, ships). And so it is absolutely not needed - in the summer it still pulls to the ground and greenery, in the winter - only to clear the snow. If you have already decided with the project of the house, then it's timeGo to the site. Whatever admirer of the wonderful hilly terrain you were not, try to keep your mansion on a level surface. The house on the mountain is cool, but irrational. According to the developer, who ventured to put the house on a slope, it was unreasonable: "You spend a lot of money on retaining walls and other nonsense. The layout of the plot turns into a total gloom. If only I knew what construction decisions on the foundation would cost me! .. ». When planning the location of the house on the siteDevelopers can immediately make a number of mistakes. The wall that faces the neighboring house should not have windows. Construction on the principle of "windows in windows" is not only inconvenient, but, according to the norms of the law, is unacceptable. The rooms in which you spend 80% of the time are notshould face south. It will be impossible to be in them in the summer. Most of the house windows should face west and east: not hot in summer and not cold in winter. Tatiana Serova, "Windows to the House": - The company in which you order windows must have its own production, in this case it will be easier to get through to any problem than through a third party. It is also better to order installation from the same company where you order the windows, since more than 90% of the window service life depends on installation. When installing by others, it is difficult to prove someone's fault. As for the profiles themselves, there is only one principle: there is no need to save on them. If you use a country house only on weekends and holidays, it is better to install the systems not lower than 70th, but if we are talking about year-round living, then it is better to take from the 80th system. This way you can save on heating your home in winter. And in any case, the costs will pay off in a few years. Do not invest all funds in oneChic entrance. The house must have several entrance doors. The rough entrance to the boiler room, to the utility room, to put dirty or oversized things (as an option - the entrance through the garage, if it is available in the project). And it is necessary to access the terrace from the living room or kitchen. With the location of the house everything is clear. We pass to the foundation pouring. Held builders here do not leave us without any useful advice.

  • Do not start foundation work, if you do not know the type of soil, the level of groundwater, the depth of freezing of the soil. Without taking these factors into account, it is impossible to lay a qualitative foundation.
  • It makes no sense to start pouring the foundation without a plumbing project. Otherwise, you will have to gouge the already frozen one for laying utilities.
  • Do not start the erection of walls before your foundation is not easy from a few months to six months, if it is, of course, not a house on stilts.

Erection of walls, floors, constructionstairs, finishing works also have their secrets. Even if you decide to build a very economical version of the house, do not make the height of the floors less than 2.5 meters, and the attic floor less than 2.3 meters. Not only is it very inconvenient, with such a ceiling height, the building can be deemed unsuitable for living. No "wet" work inside the house in autumn and winter! The fight against humidity, condensation, mold, fungus will be lost. Only when it is warm in the street, even hot, it is necessary to perform such works in order to be able to normal airing. Under the stairs, plan at least six square meters of area. A small staircase will force you to go down from the top floor with your back to the front. In addition, it is traumatic. Windows and doors are a special article.When choosing the type, shape, size, also take into account the miscalculations of those who have already built. If you're on a tight budget, keep in mind that arched windows will cost you twice as much, not only during construction, but also during finishing. Do not make the low sills. The choice of radiators will be very limited. Do not install doors on the veranda without insulation under the threshold. Rain water will leak under the threshold, and you will get wet walls and swollen floors. Our opinion: - If you are a fan of a room with the maximum penetration of light, instead of many small windows, plan a French window at the project stage. It is desirable that it would go out into the garden. Ideal - a French window in the living room with access to the terrace. Then you even in bad weather with a closed window will have a feeling of unity with nature. We got to the roof. At once it is necessary to pay attention to its design: the more complex it is, the greater the risk of leakage, blowing and other troubles. Concerning the roof, the best advice is one: do not contact not only amateurs, but even semi-professionals. All work should be done only by real masters. Remaking the roof after the clumsy will cost you much more if it can be remade at all. And the last advice, it's the main one: Do not start construction without calculating all costs, including the cost of finishing and engineering communications. According to the experienced developers, "the foundation, the box, the roof - this is babbling compared to the budget for decoration and communications."