House and Cottage

How to build a house and avoid major mistakes: the opinions of owners and professionals

Millions dream of own house. But even with the availability of funds, many are afraid to start construction, fearing all kinds of dirty tricks. We gathered opinions about the most common mistakes in the construction and are ready to talk about them. You decided to build a house. You already know how it will be: what is its area, how many floors, rooms, balconies. Will there be a ground floor, an attic, how many cars a garage, etc. Planning to build their own homes, many argue roughly like this: if you invest in construction, then the house was all envious. Those who have followed this path have already parted with their illusions. Our opinion: - When planning a house, calculate its size and the number of rooms, only based on the real life of your family. That is, if a family of four lives in a 2-3-room apartment with an area of ​​50-70 square meters. M, but this is not enough, then the house area of ​​120-150 square meters. M more than enough. And if 240 square meters. M and more, then instead of the owner of the house you can turn into his servant. Another illusion is connected with unjustified spending on completely unnecessary "options". They concern first of all the basement floors and balconies. As practice shows, both are not just useless, but also very costly. Here is an opinion from the Internet of a person who already has all this: - As for the basement floor: a billiard room, a library, a cinema hall there is better not to post. Well, you do not spend two hours in the basement, it's hard on the brains and it's hard to breathe there, because the walls are concrete and no ventilation will help! The same can be said about. In the opinion of their owners, the balcony makes sense only in the case of very small areas and in the presence of a good view (on ships for example). And so it is absolutely not needed - in the summer it's still to the ground and greenery pulls, in the winter - only to clear the snow. If you have already decided with the project of the house, then it's timeGo to the site. Whatever admirer of the wonderful hilly terrain you were not, try to keep your mansion on a level surface. The house on the mountain is cool, but irrational. According to the developer, who ventured to put the house on a slope, it was unreasonable: "You spend a lot of money on retaining walls and other nonsense. The layout of the plot turns into a total gloom. If only I knew what construction decisions on the foundation would cost me! .. ». When planning the location of the house on the siteDevelopers can immediately make a number of mistakes. The wall that faces the neighboring house should not have windows. Construction on the principle of "windows in windows" is not only inconvenient, but, according to the norms of the law, is unacceptable. Rooms in which you spend 80% of the time, notShould go to the south. In the summer it will be impossible to be in them. Most of the windows of the house should go to the west and east: it's not hot in summer and not cold in winter. Tatyana Serova, "Windows in the house": - The company in which you order the window, must have its own production, in this case, it will be easier to reach for any problem than through a third party. Installation is also better to order in the same company, where you order windows, since it depends on the installation depends more than 90% of the window's service life. When installing by others it is difficult to prove someone else's guilt. As for the profiles themselves, then the principle is one: they do not need to be saved. If you use a country house only on weekends and holidays, it's better to put systems no lower than the 70th, if it's about year-round living, then it's better to take from the 80th system. So you can save on heating the house in winter. And in any case, in a few years, the costs will pay off. Do not invest all funds in oneChic entrance. The house must have several entrance doors. The rough entrance to the boiler room, to the utility room, to put dirty or oversized things (as an option - the entrance through the garage, if it is available in the project). And it is necessary to access the terrace from the living room or kitchen. With the location of the house everything is clear. We pass to the foundation pouring. Held builders here do not leave us without any useful advice.

  • Do not start foundation work, if you do not know the type of soil, the level of groundwater, the depth of freezing of the soil. Without taking these factors into account, it is impossible to lay a qualitative foundation.
  • There is no point in starting the foundation pouring without the plumbing project. Otherwise, you will have to hammer already frozen for the laying of engineering communications.
  • Do not start the erection of walls before your foundation is not easy from a few months to six months, if it is, of course, not a house on stilts.

Construction of walls, ceilings, constructionStairs, finishing work also have their secrets. Even if you decide to build a very economical version of the house, do not make the height of the floors less than 2.5 meters, and the attic floor - less than 2.3 meters. Moreover, it is very inconvenient, at such height of ceilings the building can be recognized as unfit for habitation. No "wet" work inside the house in autumn and winter! The fight against humidity, condensation, mold, fungus will be lost. Only when it is warm in the street, even hot, it is necessary to perform such works in order to be able to normal airing. Under the stairs, plan at least six square meters of area. A small staircase will force you to go down from the top floor with your back to the front. In addition, it is traumatic. Windows and doors are a special article. Choosing the type, shape, size, also take into account the miscalculations of those who have already built. If you have a tight budget, keep in mind that the arched windows will cost you twice as much, not only at the construction stage, but also at the finish. Do not make the low sills. The choice of radiators will be very limited. Do not install doors on the veranda without insulation under the threshold. Rain water will leak under the threshold, and you will get wet walls and swollen floors. Our opinion: - If you are a fan of a room with the maximum penetration of light, instead of many small windows, plan a French window at the project stage. It is desirable that it would go out into the garden. Ideal - a French window in the living room with access to the terrace. Then you even in bad weather with a closed window will have a feeling of unity with nature. We got to the roof. At once it is necessary to pay attention to its design: the more complex it is, the greater the risk of leakage, blowing and other troubles. Concerning the roof, the best advice is one: do not contact not only amateurs, but even semi-professionals. All work should be done only by real masters. Remaking the roof after the clumsy will cost you much more if it can be remade at all. And the last advice, it's the main one: Do not start construction without calculating all costs, including the cost of finishing and engineering communications. According to the experienced developers, "the foundation, the box, the roof - this is babbling compared to the budget for decoration and communications."