Today it became very fashionable to do repairs byhands. And in the case when it is possible from the first time, the result is very pleasing and promotes further practice. If you want to try to make slopes on the windows with your own hands, carefully read the materials below. It is possible that you will find answers to a number of questions related to this type of work. Part of the wall adjacent to the window opening isa window slope, due to which it does not freeze. So, you installed the windows with your own hands or attracted to the implementation of professional builders. But not all companies that sell plastic windows include installation of slopes in the cost of their installation. To make the window complete and aesthetic, the installation of slopes is necessary.
Slopes used for plastic windows
There are several types of window slopes. Slopes made of plaster. This kind is used infrequently, due to the fact that it has a lot of negative properties: Paint corners help to make the angles of your slopes even.
- lose their original color (fade);
- a long process of execution (it takes time to dry each layer);
- need a subsequent refinement (priming and painting);
- slopes made of plasterboard.
This type of slope is used much more often. First, because it's easy to do. And secondly, because of the availability of material and components. Even an amateur can handle it. The most significant drawback of drywall is a low level of moisture resistance, and the rest are solid pluses. If necessary, additional thermal insulation is possible. Do not use drywall on window slopes in rooms with a high level of humidity. It is better to choose a more suitable option. Despite the ease of making slopes from gypsum board, additional work is required: The plaster should be plastered from the bottom upwards, with a spatula, apply the mortar first by vertical and then by horizontal movements.
- primer application;
Slopes made of plastic. The most optimal option in all respects. This type of slope has a large number of positive qualities:
- aesthetic appearance;
- easy to wash off contamination;
- good sound insulation;
- the ability to choose an identical frame shade.
Their installation on the windows with their own hands will not deliveryou have difficulties. They are easily installed. In order to quickly and efficiently install plastic slopes on the windows, you will need to prepare tools and materials. You will need:
- wooden rack (thickness about 1.5 cm);
- insulation (you can use mineral wool);
- an ordinary knife;
- scissors for metal;
- white silicone;
- several types of screws (9.5 cm and 4.5 mm);
- building stapler;
- plastic (sold by strips), length 6 meters, thickness 0.8 cm;
- the starting strip of the «-shaped form;
- plastic strip f-shaped.
After all the materials and toolsprepared, you can start work. If you installed windows and did not have time to remove the protective film from them, then it should be left until the end of the work on the installation of slopes. Back to contents</a>
The whole process includes the following steps: The device is a slope of plastic. Step 1. Wall preparation. Take a wooden rod and self-tapping screws 9.5 cm. Secure them along the entire perimeter of the slopes. They should not protrude beyond the surface of the walls. If necessary, use a drill and a puncher. Reiki should be strictly vertical. Use the level to check the degree of evenness. Stage 2. Attaching the starting strip. The U-shaped plastic strip must be fixed to the outer edges of the window opening. For this, small 4.5 mm screws are used. In the opening of this strip, called the trough, you will subsequently insert a slope. If during the installation you have detected the joint of the separate parts of the starting strip, their corners should be carefully cut with a knife. Thanks to this, a smooth and beautiful joint will come out from within. Step 3. Installation of an F-band. The strip is installed opposite the runway chute. In the rest of the part, which is located above the window, it is necessary to cut off the F-slot. After the edges of the bands have docked, the excess needs to be cut with metal scissors. The strip is fixed to the wooden rail by a construction stapler. Scheme installation slope. To ensure the strength of the attachment, it is made as close as possible to the wooden base. Step 4. The laying of the insulation and the installation of plastic in the prepared grooves. At this stage, precision plays an important role, so all measurements should be done with special care. Hide the shortcomings of joints with silicone. Back to contents</a>
How to make slopes on windows with own hands from plaster?
For this type of work you will need to prepare the tools:
- paint corners;
- lath made of wood;
- building level;
- malka (goniometer);
- self-tapping screws.
There are two basic methods for making guides. Scheme of structure and thermal insulation of the slope. The first method is the use of boards as guides. They are exposed on the edge of the future slope and the perimeter of the window, using the building level. Straighten the slope with a malk. It can be made from plywood. The prepared plaster solution is applied to the boards and evenly distributed by the malk. The second method is using the paint corner. This method is slightly simpler than the first, but the process itself is approximately the same. Wood is also used. It is applied a layer of plaster, but the corners of the slopes are made using a paint corner. This avoids the occurrence of chipping. Back to contents</a>
Additional method of work
In order to make slopes in the second method, you need to prepare materials and tools:
- mixture for making plaster;
- finish putty;
- plaster mesh for the upper part of the slope;
- paint corners;
- mounting foam;
- packing of nails;
- nazhdachka (zeroing);
- mixing container;
- stirring nozzle;
- putty knife;
- paint brush;
- Master OK.
First you need to prepare slopes by removing themwallpaper or paint. You can use a spatula. Water-based paint is easily removed from the surface, but for oil it is required to use a special hair dryer. If you successfully cleaned the surface, you can proceed to the next step. On those parts of the walls in which there will be slopes, you need to apply a primer. Wait for a while to dry properly. According to the configuration, the guides are installed. Do not forget to use the level to check how smoothly the elements are positioned. Paint corners can be attached to nails, as well as installation foam. After this, the guides must be reinforced with prepared plaster. Before the next stage, you need to take a break, as the applied mixture should dry thoroughly. The next stage is the formation of the upper slope. It needs to be further strengthened with a paint net. For a thick layer of plaster, a mesh-netting is used. A new plaster solution is diluted in the tank. It should be of medium density. Take care that there are no lumps. Each layer is applied only after the previous one has dried completely. After the plaster has dried, the surface of the slopes must be primed. First, clean the slopes from the microparticles, sweeping them with a brush. Afterwards, the final putty is applied. If you want to dilute the finish putty in the same container in which you mix the usual one, it must be thoroughly washed. When the finish putty dried, it is treated with sandpaper. With its help defects are eliminated. If you find serious irregularities, they need to be re-processed, following the previous technology. So, the slopes are made. You can remove the protective film from the frame, wipe it and re-apply a layer of adhesive tape. If your window did not already have it, before starting the work it is better to apply the paint tape. After that, the surface is ground again and after a while becomes covered with paint. It is better to do this several times. Whichever type of slope you choose, it's important that they be made yourself.