The English are happy owners of not only the mostBeautiful gardens, but also the smallest houses in Western Europe. We decided to find out how the British manage to intelligently use every meter, and chose the three most beautiful and ergonomic houses of a small area built or renovated in the last few years. In this article - all the details, the Royal Society of British Architects (RIBA) made a sensational statement: in England, the smallest houses in Western Europe are being built. The average area is 85 square meters per family of three. For comparison: in Holland this figure is equal to 115 square meters, and in Denmark - 137. Architects were divided into two camps. Someone believes that the British are degrading their dignity, and scold the government for high taxes on real estate. And someone, on the contrary, finds in the new trend a lot of advantages that will push the development of both construction technologies, and architecture and design in general. Rick Frankland (Ric Frankland), studio Dwelle.ings, Manchester: - We can complain about any crisis, lack of funds and everything else. But you can look at this process differently. I compare our house-crumbs with modern automotive engines: the best and most powerful technologies need to fit in the smallest space, and so that they work an order of magnitude better than the previous ones. Look, modern small houses consume a minimum of energy, cost owners twice cheaper, allow using "green technologies", and most importantly, make designers think about the most efficient use of each useful centimeter. Dwelle.co.uk Project dwelle.ing, 45 m. Square. Project dwelle.ing, 45 m. Square. A typical project of the English micro-house isOpen space, or in an environment that is maximally accessible to light and air due to large windows, usually with an unusual and effective design that pays off due to significant savings on utility bills - up to 80 percent compared to a traditional house. Wedge wedge: The narrowest house in London Neighbors on Clapham, a district in the south-west of London, call it a wedge house. Total 69 square meters of total area. Useful - one and a half times less than in any ordinary house, because this house is one of the narrowest in Europe. Only 2.4 meters wide. In the house live three: Tom and Sarah Tidbury (Tom and Sara Tidbury) and their cat Arnold. The house is located in the historical building,"Reserved" zone of London. The exterior facade, which faces the street, should remain unchanged. But the pitched roof allows you to extend and continue the house in the direction of the courtyard and garden. Which was done as a result. Tom and Sarah Tidbury, owners: - Guests who come to our house for the first time are always surprised how big and capacious it really is. Outside, it seems that we really live in a shoebox. But this is not quite as you see it. Tom and Sarah bought their house in 2009. It was their first real estate, there was not much money, and in Clapham - all friends and favorite bars. In short, they bought that only house that they could afford where they wanted to live, and decided to turn it into the house of their dreams. For this, Tom turned to a school friend, who by that time had turned into a successful architect. A friend suggested that the house should be rebuilt in the direction of the garden, significantly expanding and extending it, but not changing the configuration of the facade, as it is prohibited by law. As a result, Tom and Sarah appeared in fact on an additional room on each of the three floors. The first was decided to be turned into a general cross-cuttingopen space. Now the front door leads directly to the living room, which goes into the kitchen and dining room. In front of the door there is a small hall with storage shelves, from the floor to the ceiling. At the other end there are glass doors leading to the garden. Thanks to this decision, there is always a lot of light in the house, even in the darkest and foggy days. On the next floor there is a laundry room with a boiler room andGuest bedroom. The main, the master's - under the roof. And in it now there is enough room for a normal double bed, which before did not fit here. Now there is even a small wardrobe - made, however, made to order from furniture plywood - and a full bathroom. A steep roof, similar to the ski slope (soIt's called Tom and Sarah), leaves plenty of room in the corners for storage systems. Thanks to the mansard windows, the staircase has become light and therefore seems more spacious than it really is. Tom and Sarah recall that they did not consider buying this house as a permanent home. But for six years now they have been living in it so comfortably and happily that they have never thought about moving - it's very convenient for them. The house cost 430 thousand pounds sterling. Another 90 thousand worth of repairs. Now realtors estimate the house at about 800-850 thousand pounds. House on a million 62 square meters in Hackney,Working area of the London East End, cost the owners £ 275,000 in 2006. Perestroika and repairs took about 80 thousand pounds and six months of work. Now the cost of the house is estimated at about a million. But the owners are not going to part with it. The house, remade by a young architect for his family, became the hallmark of his architectural bureau - an advertising announcement in brick, glass and metal. The English have a saying: "Get a house - get a girl." In the case of architect George Bradley (George Bradley) this happened literally. That day, the code he moved to a dark cramped cottage in the center of Hackney, he met on the street with a pretty Dane Helen, who was looking for housing in the neighborhood. As a result, she became his wife, and then the mother of their daughter Ilaria. George Bradley, architect Bradley Van DerStraeten: - My agent laughed at me when I announced the budget that I was going to spend on buying. They gave me the house without bargaining, it seemed so dreadful to all. But even then I looked at him through the eyes of the architect. And I decided that for such money, it was actually theft. We quickly hit on the hands. B-vds.co.uk A little earlier, George met the same as he,The young architect Ewald van der Straten, who was tired of working in large companies. Both wanted to do something unusual, but close to the needs of ordinary people. And they decided to start with themselves, or rather - with George. Planning and fundraising took three years. In fact, the house had no merit, except for the granite-tiled plinth and brick facade. There are two tiny little rooms on the two lower floors and a dark bedroom hidden under the roof cornice at the very roof. Everywhere there were doors and an uncomfortable spiral staircase in the corner. To save money, they decided to do everything themselves: Helen was interesting to try, and George and Ewald decided to acquire invaluable building experience, important for their profession. The main internal material is a tree,. The staircase now had to pass through the center so that the extended doorways created a sense of spaciousness and open planning. On the floor used a construction oak board, which was processed with their own hands. The usual entrance door was replaced by a higher, glazed frosted glass, and above it a huge balcony window was placed in half-walls, adding a lot of light and spaciousness. From the same plywood, the kitchen was designed and made. Only the countertop was ordered specially. It is made of corian - an artificial stone, and gives their creation an expensive and stylish look. Secret and obvious cabinets and lockers are hiding all over the house - they hide under the steps of the staircase, between the roof slopes, occupy narrow and long piers. Each element is perfectly fitted in shape andSize, but because the storage system does not differ from the usual wall or opening. This makes the house more visually than it really is, and much more convenient than it was before the intervention of the team. Hemp Cottage in Northern Ireland In 2008Year this cottage cost its owner only 100 thousand pounds: by English standards almost free of charge - major repairs of most London apartments are much more expensive. From the side of the road the house in general is no different from the old rural houses, although this is a typical replica. But not simple. The author of the project, the Scottish architect Tom Woolley (Tom Wooley) is a member of the Royal Academy of Architecture, a professor at the University of Scotland and the winner of all possible architectural awards in Europe. The project was developed for a 90-year-old customer who wanted to spend the rest of his life in harmony with nature. Not surprisingly, the house is still one of the symbols of British "green" construction. 70 square meters of total area, includingExternal terraces, built entirely of natural materials. The house stands in the middle of an apple grove, on the bank of the fast Irish river Ballinahinch, which is famous for its magnificent fishing for salmon. Tom Woolley, architect Rachel Bevan Architects: "This was our first attempt to find a way to build low-carbon, energy-efficient homes with only natural materials, affordable and simple in design. The experience that we acquired then is used in the firm so far. The mixture of cannabis and lime, which we used for construction, has become an extremely successful technological solution. Bevanarchitects.com The frame of the building is assembled from a spruce log, the roofCovered with turf and insulating material based on sheep wool thickness of 350 mm, the walls are assembled from hemp-lime slabs. It was an amazing material with exceptional sound and thermal insulation properties. The design on one side is encased in it as a cocoon, and on the other hand it lets in air. Vouli swears that during constructionThere was used no gram of plastic - only local renewable materials. The climate in Ireland is not easy - summer is short and quite cold, and in the off-season is very high humidity and strong strong winds blow. But hemp cottage such tests are not at all, despite the large windows in the southern part of the building and in the roof and the lack of central heating. Batteries there are replaced by an ordinary burzhuyka, and it is enough even in winter - the walls perfectly retain heat. Life in such a space is not only completeConvenient, cheap, but also useful for health. For two years, the cottage has been used as a gift for ecotourism and fishing lovers. They come mainly with families. The British believe that living in such a house helps children feel closeness to nature and teaches useful rural skills, such as kindling a stove, collecting and drying apples and other things. Those who dare to get to the cottage by bike or walk on foot - great discounts.