Have you ever thought about what will beHome in ten years? And in twenty? Today you will find out what the famous Italian architect Chino Dzukka thinks about this, the House of the Future - a topic that is relevant and unusually interesting. After all, each of us is curious as to how our habitat will look after a few decades. What will the materials be? How will the customary forms change? And maybe the need for homes will disappear altogether, and everyone will live under a huge glass dome, as the good old Stephen King bequeathed? At the annual exhibition of furniture and design i Saloni WorldWide our editor-in-chief Oksana Kashenko managed to talk about the future with the popular Italian architect Chino Dzukki, and now you will know his opinion. Chino Dzukki, the architect Chino Dzukki was born in Milan in 1955. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1978 and the Milan Polytechnic Institute in 1979. He is the author of such projects as a complex of commercial exhibitions in Abbiategrasso, residential buildings in Abbiategrasso, Venice, Ancona, office buildings in Casoreczo, Lucca and Montevideo. Chino also teaches, writes articles to many profile Italian magazines, runs her own architectural office, Cino Zucchi Architetti. - How do you see the house of the future? - I'll tell a real story. One architect built the house of the future. He got a kind of flying saucer. He thought it was very interesting. He built thirty such houses, but no one lives in them today. And all because a person does not exist in the future, but in the present. And I believe that there is no point in talking about a single future for everyone. The future is individual, everyone sees it in their own way. I am a member of the research group that was established in Austria. The group was given the task of determining what the house could be in 20-30 years. During the last meeting, I noticed that a modern person divides the house into a bedroom, a living room, a bathroom ... However, many things in our lives are changing. Right now I have, for example, four children, and almost all of them spend most of their time with a computer and watch a video on YouTube. Family traditional life has changed. If earlier all gathered regularly at the same table, now in the evenings everyone is busy with their own affairs. A few days ago my wife asked me what I was doing, sitting at the computer. I replied that I was chatting with my daughter. "But it's behind the wall! The wife flared up. " "Yes, but I'm sending her music files," I answered. " And this is normal. In my memory there were already electronic and mechanical houses ... There is a film by Jacques Tati "My uncle", 1958. In it, the director has extremely successfully spelled on the topic of all sorts of "lotions" in the house. And today's technology seems to dissolve in man and the world around him. We can not live without it. And we already treat the electronics differently. If you observe, you can see: the first thing that people do when they arrive in another country, they send SMS or call. I still can not help wondering about modern technologies. Therefore, maybe the house of the future can be described as Villa Palladio with an iPod. - And what materials will be used in the houseFuture? - Someone has already said that we live in an era of plastic and synthetics. Modern technology allows you to create materials that have unprecedented characteristics. For example, if we take the production of ceramic tiles, now many companies offer tiles that look like natural stone. In this case, they do not just create a structure with a pattern, they manage to create randomly located veins. There was a time when peasants, townspeople, artisans took materials in the forest, in the quarry ... And the harmony that we are now observing in the village settlements is largely due to the fact that the set of materials is limited. The modern person has a wider choice, but the probability of making a mistake is much higher. Therefore, often modern cities make us feel some kind of embarrassment. I believe that it is unlikely that we will be able to come up with a single model for the use of building materials. There is such an architect - Joseph Frank, he is a Jew, and during the war he immigrated to Sweden. So, he said: the modern era is the totality of all past eras. In his vision, the modern city is the Tower of Babel. Futurologists and utopians imagined the solar future of a single architectural model. In fact, the cities are very different. In megacities there are Chinese and Indian quarters. Therefore in the future there will be a certain set of models offered by architects. If you take today's 17-year-old Japanese, then he will be more like an American than his own grandparents. In Italy, now it is my exhibition - "Customs". And in the introductory part, I tried to emphasize the contradictions between traditional ethnography and architecture. It turned out that there is an inextricable link between the material, culture and place of residence of people. If today a type of ethnography is possible, not tied to geography, I mean subcultures (cyber punks, goths). In England, for example, now very popular groups such as "feigned aristocracy" (they wear the costumes of lords). Or there are those who consider themselves macho. However, this does not apply to a single country, it can be observed everywhere. - Plywood is very popular in Russia as a finishingmaterial. How can you comment on this? - Now in Vienna they are building a completely wooden high-rise building. Because modern technology makes it possible to build high-rise buildings from such material. But its facade will not be made of natural materials because of maintenance problems. A tree is a material well known to a person, we all build from it if not a house, then at least a dacha. A multilayer tree (plywood) is stable, it retains its shape. On the one hand, we all like an array of wood, but there are situations where it can not be used, and then we use plywood. As for the finishing of the facades and the exterior of the buildings, for example, one Spanish company produces panels for facing buildings made of wood. In fact, this is plywood, which is treated for strength, and it looks like plastic more than a tree. Build entire cities of wood, of course, is now impractical. Because after a while it will take a major overhaul, or the building will have to be demolished and built in general. The tree has very interesting characteristics, that's why architects now experiment a lot with it. Tastes change, constantly there is something new, but sometimes you want borsch. So with materials - sometimes you want to return to what already happened. Chino Dzukki, architect By the way, the Milan edition of the exhibition i Saloni (Salone del Mobile) this year will be held very soon - from 12 to 17 April.
December 12, 2017