Small houses will always be in demand. There is everything.Reason to believe that small houses today are much more than just objects of architectural experiments. We do not mean concrete structures, but the tendency as a whole. The tendency to increase the interest of society in the construction of compact houses. Awareness of this fact raises a number of questions: why did small houses suddenly become so important to modern people? What benefits can they bring to society? and do small houses have such defects that cannot be combated? Whoever tries to answer these questions, he inevitably comes to the conclusion that the construction of compact buildings is by far the most likely solution to the housing problem. Quixote Village in Olympia, WAThe construction of small houses helps to solve the tasks of the global economy at a grassroots level, so to speak. Entire regions of the Western world were faced with a critical situation, which consists in the fact that owning a proper high-grade home has become too expensive and therefore an ever-more rare pleasure. The popularity of compact buildings gained momentum against the backdrop of the fact that so many people continue to abandon the idea of living in spacious interiors in favor of the possibility of guaranteeing stability and confidence in the future. The lack of need to take a mortgage to buy a house and significant savings on its maintenance and utility payments - this is what primarily attracts potential purchasers of small-sized real estate. There is nothing surprising in the fact that the construction of small houses began to flourish in the post-war period, and since the current situation in the global economy is much the same as what happened in the late 40s (according to some analysts), we should take a few lessons from those of architecture years old. Thus, the collapsible houses of Jean Prouve were a response to the need of the population of the destroyed French cities for cheap and prefabricated housing. Walter Seagal developed his own simple method of constructing houses that even people without relevant experience could build. But the most striking examples of this approach are American homes, which were sent to customers by mail in a disassembled form. The interior of one of the collapsible houses, designed by Jean Prouvé. So, what conclusions regarding the construction of small houses can we reach based on the experience of post-war architects? The concept of creating modular homes HiveHaus
1. Necessary systematization
Small residential buildings should no longercreated by trial and error. It is necessary to develop a simple scheme, which, meanwhile, leaves room for imagination. Looking for detailed instructions based on existing successful examples. Project WikiHouse. A frame from the video instructions on the construction of the house
2. Need to take into account individual needs
Do not equate systematization with totalstandardization. One of the main claims to post-war architecture was that the hastily built houses were faceless. It is important to ensure the possibility of adding unique parts to a universal project.
3. Houses must be carefully planned and built to last.
It is possible and even likely that a crisis somedaywill end. It is extremely important that the houses built today are not suitable for living in a more favorable economic situation (which happened, for example, with the apartment buildings of the Khrushchev era). Two-level house built as part of the WikiHouse project for last year’s London Design Festival
4. Without amendments to the building and housing codes can not do
Even if we exclude the possibility of financingthe type of housing construction we are considering from the state’s side, the question remains open about some legislative norms. It is necessary that the requirements for the area and construction of houses built for permanent residence be changed. A demonstration sample of a house designed by a Finnish student Marco Laukkarinen. According to the author, the construction can be erected in a small vacant area within the existing buildings.
5. It is time to consider the possibility of sealing the building.
Of course, we are not talking about returning to practice.the creation of communal apartments and houses of hut type (with which we have not said goodbye to this day). You just need to develop methods for the construction of private cottages on compact plots. And also learn to ensure the confidentiality of their inhabitants, despite the proximity of neighbors. Plan from the presentation of the project of another future Finnish architect Olli Enne. The possibility of building houses within the existing residential settlements is demonstrated. Facade (architectural sketch) from the same presentationSo far, supporters of small houses have not been able to achieve compliance with all these requirements, but there is a positive trend. Society demonstrates a willingness to change, and it is worth a lot! Interior demo home from OlliAnne The author draws our attention to the slatted roof between the levels, through which daylight penetrates the room. And do you support the idea of prioritizing the construction of small houses? Share your opinion with us!