Apartment lighting: how to fill the interior with daylight

How to properly use the interior of the dayshine? Why is it extremely important for health? How do architects help save on electricity? We have learned the answers to these questions from the Danish architect Sine Congebro and are ready to tell you everything. In the run-up to 2015, proclaimed UNESCO by the International Year of Light, Velux and the MARS Architectural School organized a course of lectures by leading Danish architects on the relationship between daylight, man and architecture. Since 1941 "Velux" helps people to make their home better by letting in the daylight and fresh air into the dark attics. The company carries out its activities following the principles of social responsibility, and a series of lectures on natural lighting is a logical continuation of Velux's longstanding concern for the environment. Under the slogan "Light-human-architecture" (Light-human-architecture), three meetings with Signe Kongebro were held, within which she described how important it is to use a free, but at the same time very valuable natural resource - daylight , And also showed the best designs of the architectural bureau of Henning Larsen. We have identified the most important and valuable of the narrated. And with pleasure we share with you the knowledge gained. Sina Congebro, architect, partner of Henning Larsen's office

Co-owner and head of sustainableThe development of the world famous architectural bureau Henning Larsen Architect. He conducts extensive research work, publishes books, teaches, and actively participates in public life. Sina Congrebro shared her vision of the architect's profession with the audience, opened a number of professional secrets, told many interesting things about the daylight and its huge impact on our daily life.

7 interesting facts about daylight from Sine Kongebro:

  • Light facades can increase the level of daylight in the urban environment by 10-20%.
  • Natural light directly affects the human biorhythms.
  • In rooms filled with daylight, it is easier to create an inspiring and comfortable space.
  • Competent use of daylight saves energy and reduces CO2 emissions to the atmosphere.
  • Patients undergoing treatment in rooms with a large amount of daylight recover faster.
  • People working in a room with large windows are less exposed to stress.
  • Students studying in rooms with a high level of daylight show a 5-14% better results and learn the material 16-20% faster.
  • 3 councils on the rational use of daylight from Sine Kongebro

    1. It is necessary to combine natural and artificial lighting. Daylight is a variable quantity: it depends on the time of day, the time of year, weather conditions. Artificial light is a constant value. Only using both instruments can create a favorable light climate. 2. Daylight and space should be correctly combined. Light is content, and space is a container. 3. You need to carefully choose the windows. The design of windows directly affects human health, because it determines the amount and format of daylight in the room. During the lectures, Signe Congebro not only toldAbout the role of light in architecture and interior, but also showed a lot of large projects implemented by Henning Larsen's bureau, in which correct lighting plays a key role. We chose the three most impressive examples to share them with you. In each of them, the light is integrated in its own way, with different goals and results.

    Museum of Mosgor in Denmark

    One of the most stunning architectural projectsBureau of Henning Larsen - Museum of Archeology and Ethnography Mosgor in Aarhus (Denmark). It is here that many of the evidence of the ancient history of East Jutland, including runic stones, and the legendary "man from Grauballe", which has been lying for more than 2000 years in a peat bog, are kept here. When designing a museum building, it was important not to distort the historical panorama, since it was decided to place a new place for Mosgor's exposition near the former. Last decades the museum was located in the 18th century estate, and its next building was to "tactfully" fit into the surrounding countryside. In addition to this mandatory condition, the final idea of ​​the project was prompted also by the ingenious idea of ​​architects in their simplicity: where is it more appropriate to arrange the archaeological treasure, as not under the ground? Although in fact the museum is not "dug in the ground, but simply successfully entered into a tangible difference in the landscape. Sina Congebro, architect, partner of Henning Larsen's Bureau: - When the museum was created, we faced a dilemma: what to do - an open building or a closed one. Because the internal climate in the museum should be maintained in very strict parameters, because there are exhibited ancient exhibits. And then, there are also exhibitions there, different each time ... But we want the museum visitors also to feel that the seasons change; We want to use the roof so that light penetrates into the room ... In the end, we decided that the building should be democratic. The exhibition rooms are darkened, but they are illuminated through the holes in the roof. The shape of the building itself helps to reduce energy losses. Daylight penetrates into the room in the right way.

    Campus of the University of Southern Denmark

    The University of Southern Denmark wasEducational institution of the future, a common environment for communication and access to knowledge, a free space for joint work of students and teachers. The campus is equipped with a transforming system of sun protection, which adapts to climatic conditions and provides an optimal level of illumination. The shading system of the building consists of 1,600 triangular wings made of perforated steel, equipped with sensors that continuously measure the level of light and heat and regulate the "blinds". Sina Congebro, architect, partner of Henning Larsen's Bureau: - When working on this project, absolutely all knowledge of designing complex facades was used. The building itself is triangular. I had to work with the southern facade, so that the sun's rays do not get inside directly, otherwise the lighting turns out to be very hard. At first glance it seems that inside the room is used incorrectly, that it is a waste of square meters. But for informal communication and knowledge sharing, such an atmosphere fits as well as possible.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Saudi Arabia

    This project is the architectural bureau of Henning LarsenImplemented in 1984. The architects worked in unusual climatic conditions, which created certain difficulties: in the course of thinking out the use of darkness and shadow, working with lighted and darkened areas. The building looks very closed from the outside, the exterior is very reserved. However, inside the building is filled with air and light, there are large and small rooms, spacious atriums and cozy rooms, fountains, living plants. According to the authors of the project, this difference in interior and exterior - forms and content - takes its roots in the traditions of the Middle East. Opinion of the Editorial Board: - We noticed in the design of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Saudi Arabia three receptions, which can be successfully applied in the interior of an ordinary city apartment. 1. The simplicity of white walls is counterbalanced by the patterned floors. The combination of, say, colorful ceramic granite and monotonous decoration of walls is an excellent technique that is not only used by many designers, but is even included in the list of modern preferences. 2. Arched openings instead of doors. In the presented photos there are very few doors, for the most part arched openings are used, which gives the impression of openness, of a single space. 3. Refined luxury. Despite the minimal decor and apparent simplicity of decoration, one glance at the photographs of this interior is enough to capture the mood of sophistication. This effect is achieved due to the organization of space (high ceilings, spacious, light-filled rooms), as well as thanks to the golden accents and the use of expensive materials (marble, natural wood).

    Natural lighting solves real problems

    The projects shown above are not onlyEvidence of literate work with daylight, but also vivid illustrations of how natural solutions solve urgent problems. During the three meetings with Sine Congebro, organized by Velux and the architectural school "MARSH", a lot of such examples have been voiced, we have chosen for you the three most interesting.

  • Henning Larsen Architect implemented the projectOffice building with extremely low energy consumption in Ballerup (Denmark). The annual energy consumption is only 47.7 kWh / m2 with the possibility of further reducing this figure to 35 kWh / m2 due to solar panels and groundwater cooling.
  • The concept of an "adaptable" house capable ofDepending on the needs of the family. This project is due to the rational use of solar energy reduces CO2 emissions - from heating and operation of an average house area of ​​170 m2 with a power consumption of 60 kWh / m2 - 33 tons per year.
  • School of Architecture in Umeå (Sweden). Thanks to research in the early stages of the project, it was possible to find out that when using façades combined from glass and larch wood, energy consumption can be reduced by 50% (in comparison with exclusively glass facades).
  • Sina Conguebro, architect, partner of Henning's BureauLarsen: - Architecture is fundamentally an interaction with a person. These are not walls as such, not a design, but what design can do to a person. Without people, architecture is useless. Architecture is a "thing" for people. Of course, all three meetings with the talented Danish architect Sina Congebro were very informative. All present received a charge of positive energy and a lot of valuable information from first-hand. It is impossible not to note that passion, the love with which Sine speaks of her work, inspiring others to look at everyday life from a new angle.

    5 inspirational remarks by Sina Congebro on her work

  • Daylight is like a gentle touch.
  • Daylight and sustainable development are the best friends.
  • Daylight is a free resource. He surrounds us, and if we handle it correctly, we will get material that can be controlled.
  • Architecture affects society as much as society affects architecture.
  • We try our ideas to improve the quality of everyday life and challenge the future.