Apartment lighting: how to fill the interior with daylight


How to use daylight in the interiorlight? Why is it critical to health? How do architects help you save on electricity? We learned the answers to these questions from the Danish architect Sine Kongebro and are ready to tell you everything. On the eve of 2015, declared by UNESCO as the International Year of Light, Velux and the MARCH architecture school organized a course of lectures by leading Danish architects on the relationship between daylight, humans and architecture. Since 1941, Velux has been helping people make their homes better by letting in daylight and fresh air into dark attics. The company operates in a socially responsible manner, and a series of lectures on natural lighting is a logical continuation of Velux's longstanding concern for the environment. Three meetings with Signe Kongebro were held under the slogan "Light-human-architecture", during which she spoke about how important it is to competently use the free, but at the same time very valuable natural resource - daylight , and also showed the best projects of the architectural firm Henning Larsen. We have highlighted the most important and valuable from the story. And we are happy to share our knowledge with you. Cine Kongebro, architect, partner of Henning Larsen's bureau

Co-owner and head of sustainable departmentdevelopment of the world famous architectural bureau Henning Larsen Architect. She conducts extensive research work, publishes books, teaches, and also actively participates in public life. Sine Conguebro shared with the audience her vision of the profession of an architect, revealed a number of professional secrets, told a lot of interesting things about daylight and its huge impact on our daily life.

7 interesting facts about daylight from Sine Kongebro:

  • Light facades can increase the level of daylight in the urban environment by 10-20%.
  • Natural light directly affects the human biorhythms.
  • In rooms filled with daylight, it is easier to create an inspiring and comfortable space.
  • Competent use of daylight saves energy and reduces CO2 emissions to the atmosphere.
  • Patients undergoing treatment in rooms with a large amount of daylight recover faster.
  • People working in a room with large windows are less exposed to stress.
  • Students studying in rooms with a high level of daylight show a 5-14% better results and learn the material 16-20% faster.
  • 3 councils on the rational use of daylight from Sine Kongebro

    one.It is necessary to combine natural and artificial lighting. Daylight is a variable quantity: it depends on the time of day, time of year, weather conditions. Artificial light is a constant value. Only by using both tools can a favorable light climate be created. 2. Daylight and space must match properly. Light is the content and space is the container. 3. You need to choose your windows carefully. The design of windows directly affects human health, as it determines the amount and format of daylight in the room. During the lectures, Signe Kongebro not only toldabout the role of light in architecture and interiors, but also showed a lot of large projects implemented by Henning Larsen's bureau, in which proper lighting plays a key role. We've picked three of the most impressive examples to share with you. In each of them, the light is integrated in its own way, with different goals and results.

    Museum of Mosgor in Denmark

    One of the most stunning architectural projectsHenning Larsen Bureau - Mosgor Museum of Archeology and Ethnography in Aarhus (Denmark). It is here that many evidences of the ancient history of East Jutland are kept, including the runestones, and the legendary "man from Grauballe", who lay for more than 2000 years in a peat bog. When designing the museum building, it was important not to distort the historical panorama, since it was decided to locate the new place for the Mosgor's exposition not far from the previous one. For the last decades, the museum was located in an 18th century estate, and its next building had to “tactfully” fit into the surrounding area. In addition to this prerequisite, the final idea of ​​the project was suggested by the idea of ​​the architects, brilliant in its simplicity: where else is it most appropriate to locate the archaeological heritage if not underground? Although, in fact, the museum is not “dug” into the ground, but simply fits well into the tangible change in the landscape. Sine Kongebro, architect, partner of Henning Larsen's bureau: - When the museum was being created, we faced a dilemma: what to do - an open building or a closed one. Because the internal climate in the museum must be maintained in very strict parameters, because ancient exhibits are exhibited there. And then, exhibitions are held there, each time different ... But we want the museum visitors to also feel that the seasons are changing; we want to use the roof as well, so that the light penetrates into the room ... In the end, we decided that the building should be democratic. The exhibition spaces are darkened, but they are illuminated through openings in the roof. The very shape of the building helps to reduce energy losses. Daylight enters the room in the right way.

    Campus of the University of Southern Denmark

    The University of Southern Denmark was designed aseducational institution of the future, a unified environment for communication and access to knowledge, free space for students and teachers to work together. The campus is equipped with a transforming sun shading system that adapts to climatic conditions and provides an optimal level of illumination. The shading system of the building consists of 1,600 perforated steel triangular sashes, equipped with sensors that constantly measure the level of light and heat and regulate the “blinds”. Cine Conguebro, architect, partner of Henning Larsen's bureau: - During the work on this project, absolutely all knowledge of the design of complex facades was used. The building itself is triangular. I had to work with the southern facade so that the sun's rays did not fall directly inside, otherwise the lighting turns out to be very harsh. At first glance, it seems that the premises are used incorrectly inside, that this is a waste of square meters. But for informal communication and exchange of knowledge, such an atmosphere is perfect.

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Saudi Arabia

    This project is by Henning Larsen Architectsimplemented in 1984. The architects worked in unusual climatic conditions, which created certain difficulties: in the process, they thought over the use of darkness and shadow, worked with lighted and darker areas. The building looks very closed from the outside, the exterior is very discreet. However, the inside of the building is filled with air and light, it has large and small rooms, spacious atriums and cozy rooms, fountains, and living plants. According to the authors of the project, this distinction between interior and exterior - form and content - originates in the traditions of the Middle East. Editorial opinion:- We noticed three techniques in the design of the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Saudi Arabia that can be successfully applied in the interior of an ordinary city apartment. 1. The simplicity of the white walls is balanced by the patterned floors. The combination of, say, colorful porcelain stoneware and monochromatic wall decoration is an excellent technique that is not only used by many designers, but is even included in the list of modern preferences. 2. Arched openings instead of doors. There are very few doors in the presented photos, for the most part arched openings are used, which gives the impression of openness, a single space. 3. Refined luxury. Despite the minimal decor and seeming simplicity of decoration, one glance at the photos of this interior is enough to capture the mood of sophistication. This effect is achieved through the organization of space (high ceilings, spacious rooms filled with light), as well as through golden accents and the use of expensive materials (marble, natural wood) in the decoration.

    Natural lighting solves real problems

    The projects shown above are not onlyEvidence of literate work with daylight, but also vivid illustrations of how natural solutions solve urgent problems. During the three meetings with Sine Congebro, organized by Velux and the architectural school "MARSH", a lot of such examples have been voiced, we have chosen for you the three most interesting.

  • Henning Larsen Architect implemented the projectOffice building with extremely low energy consumption in Ballerup (Denmark). The annual energy consumption is only 47.7 kWh / m2 with the possibility of further reducing this figure to 35 kWh / m2 due to solar panels and groundwater cooling.
  • The concept of an "adaptable" house capable ofDepending on the needs of the family. This project is due to the rational use of solar energy reduces CO2 emissions - from heating and operation of an average house area of ​​170 m2 with a power consumption of 60 kWh / m2 - 33 tons per year.
  • School of Architecture in Umeå (Sweden). Thanks to research in the early stages of the project, it was possible to find out that when using façades combined from glass and larch wood, energy consumption can be reduced by 50% (in comparison with exclusively glass facades).
  • Cine Conguebro, architect, partner of Henning bureauLarsen: - Architecture is fundamentally an interaction with a person. These are not walls as such, not a project, but what design can do to a person. Architecture is useless without people. Architecture is a "thing" for people. Of course, all three meetings with the talented Danish architect Sine Kongebro turned out to be very informative. All those present received a charge of positive energy and a lot of valuable first-hand information. It is impossible not to note the passion, the love with which Sine speaks about his work, inspiring those around him to look at everyday life from a new angle.

    5 inspirational remarks by Sina Congebro on her work

  • Daylight is like a gentle touch.
  • Daylight and sustainable development are the best friends.
  • Daylight is a free resource. He surrounds us, and if we handle it correctly, we will get material that can be controlled.
  • Architecture affects society as much as society affects architecture.
  • We try our ideas to improve the quality of everyday life and challenge the future.