On how to combine comfort, quality,economy and speed of erection - in our article. Today we will look at all the advantages of the most quickly built houses - wireframe frame construction technology, dividing functions between different elements and materials, combines the merits of each of them. Now we can say that the technology has passed the test of time, but it continues to develop continuously. On the basis of particularly successful decisions, whole "currents" were formed in the construction of frame buildings. All the variety of proposals in the market of frame construction can be divided into two types: a classical variant (or frame-frame construction) and a panel structure (carcass-panel). In the first case, all the elements of the house are mounted directly on the construction site: the frame itself or the thick board is assembled by the frame itself, it is lined with a sheet waterproof material (usually OSB-3) outside, then, in an enclosed space, the walls and floors are filled with a heater, and finish for a clean, finishing touch - the installation of doors and windows. Our opinion: - The construction of the frame by the classical method gives the greatest freedom of architectural solutions, and for such an independent construction this method is predominant. However, time-consuming and time-consuming increases significantly, and the skeleton itself is not protected from atmospheric precipitation for some time. Another variant of the frame house is not so much a frame in its pure form, as many finished panels of walls, floors and ceilings, made according to the general principle of "skeleton-insulation", as well as frameless glued SIP panels. Therefore, the name necessarily meets the word "panel" or "panel". Our opinion: - Despite the general source, the process of assembling such a house on the construction site differs significantly from the classical framework, reminding the designer, but it should be remembered that the simpler (faster, cheaper) final assembly - the harder (longer, more expensive) , as well as the unification of architectural solutions. One of the main criteria in choosing is the cost - not only the construction itself, but also the subsequent operation. And low cost is often the decisive argument in favor of frame construction. This parameter is influenced by four main features of the wireframe technology, and how this is manifested, we will tell in more detail.
1. Production of elements in the factory
This provides a home kit on the site and,as a consequence, saving labor and time (the period of installation of the house frame-panel construction is usually 3-5 days). Also in the factory, the elements are protected from precipitation, they arrive packed and labeled on the site, and the absence of "wet" processes allows construction even in winter. In addition, the assembly of the elements does not require a special tool, since the joints are pre-prepared at the factory.
2. Lightweight construction
The frame house has the smallest weight of onesquare meter of the building compared with other construction technologies. As a consequence of this - the possibility of construction on weak, silty soils, with a high level of groundwater. The foundation is usually made lightweight and economical, and the absence of shrinkage allows you to start the finish and the device of communications almost immediately. At the same time, all communications can be pre-arranged and built into walls and ceilings already in production.
3. Assembling a house without special equipment
Of course, there is a direct dependence on the sizeelements: to the greatest extent it is possible for a traditional frame, frame-frame technology, in the smallest - for a shield, when assembling from solid wall panels. However, in most cases, special equipment is only used for foundation construction.
4. Excellent thermal insulation
Effective thermal insulation significantly reduces costsfor heating, and the heating of a cold building takes only a few hours. In addition, the stability of the design in the event of temperature changes allows the house to be left unheated, which also reduces operating costs. It should be noted that the advantage of any home,made by frame technology, is the flexibility of constructive, a variety of planning solutions and options for finishing facades. This allows not only to give the house even on the basis of a standard project, but also allows for alteration, reorganization of buildings, dismantling, and even makes the building relatively mobile due to the low weight and ease of assembly and disassembly. And the spatial rigidity of the structure provides not only safe transportation, but also seismic resistance of such buildings. But nevertheless it is necessary to remember at least two features of frame houses, without taking into account which all the indicators fall abruptly - comfort of living, durability, economy ... The main thing that should be taken into account when choosing frame technology is the increased requirements to the quality of both materials and works, and here you need control and more control. Therefore, intending to build such a house on its own, one must deeply understand the technology, confidently know all the requirements and norms, and carefully select materials. The second obligatory moment is the need for a competent ventilation device, since the frame house is a kind of "thermos". Ventilation can be either forced, mechanical, or natural, but for comfortable living this issue needs to be taken into account at the design stage. forum.derev-grad.ru, forumhouse.ru, dic.academic.ru, vse-o-karkasax.ru, dkmk.ru