Let your rose does not occupy a central placeA planet like the Little Prince, but it will be easy to occupy the main place in the garden. We are sure that proper care and care will help make your roses a little less ephemeral. Enjoying a proud queen of flowers - a rose - is not so difficult even in a harsh climate, especially when observing the subtleties of care. Preparation of a place In addition to its beauty, roses are attractive because they grow in one place. Since this plant is rather photophilic, it will be appropriate to take a site for planting roses, facing south and protected from the northern winds. As for the substrate, it is ideal for light, air-permeable, sandy-clay soil. Do not forget that too raw, heavy or acidic soils for roses are fatal. However, the heavy soil on the site is not a sentence, because it can always be improved by adding humus, peat, sand or compost, and the acidity can be adjusted by adding slaked lime or chalk. To maintain the looseness of the soil in spring, it should be regularly loosened to a depth of 5-10 cm. In the summer, roses like a cool, and therefore the soil between plantings is better mulched in order to avoid overheating. Planting The time of landing depends primarily onFrom the type of soil. If you are a "lucky" possessor of heavy and damp soil, these problems will only worsen. In this case, it is better to plant roses in the fall, but if they do not have time to settle down, in the winter they can freeze. An important role is played by the density of planting. Climbing roses are planted at a distance of 1.2 m to 2 m, park - 100-110 cm, floribundy and tea-hybrid - 60-80 cm, and miniature roses - 30-35 cm from each other. Pruning and shaping shrubs Pruning helpsAvoiding the self-shadowing of the bush, increases air access, which has a beneficial effect on the general condition of the plant. Cropping should be carried out at an angle of 45 °, 5-6 mm above the developed kidney, and it is better to cover the cut immediately with the var. It can also happen that from one kidney after trimming 2-3 shoots will grow, which means that your rose is a real strong one. In this case, however pitiful the shoots, it is better to remove them all but one. If you want to have a well-formed rose bush, it's better to take care of it early - ideally suited the first summer after planting. Small and twisted shoots need to be cut off, and large ones - to pinch. Beginning in July, the forming pruning can be stopped and sometimes held only supporting, to induce a rose to blossom. Faded flowers are best cut as low as possible, then new shoots will not be elongated. Mulching As we have already mentioned, roses likeLight soil, but to not bother with constant loosening, you can sprinkle the kidney on top of the mulch. The latter can be of peat or compost origin. Top-dressing Roses thankfully respond to the introductionNutrients. On fertilizing it is necessary to concentrate on the second year after disembarkation, and in the first year you can limit 2-3 years of additional fertilizing. Autumn mulch in the spring also nourishes the roses, but at your discretion you can add nitrogen fertilizer. Watering In the period of active growth, roses need a lotWater, and water them based on the consumption of 15-20 liters of water per bush twice a week. Surface watering, including rain, will not bring the desired moistening of the soil, and cold water can lead to the development of diseases. Roses can not be watered in the heat, it is also not recommended to get water on the leaves. Dry autumn watering is better to reduce to once a week 10-12 liters of water per bush, and in the rainy autumn it is not required at all. Wintering Tender roses can suffer in the winter without. Before the shelter, shoots should be cut off, leaving no more than half a meter from the ground. You can cover roses with natural materials - peat, compost, humus, mixed with sawdust, and artificial. In the latter case, it is advisable to erect a wooden frame around roses, on which a synthetic insulation can be fixed. It is important that it remains dry - otherwise the frozen ice will not let in air, and roses can suffocate. To preserve the covering material in the dryness from above it is possible to fix a layer of polyethylene, but it is necessary to provide an air layer between the heater and polyethylene. Climbing roses can be covered with woven warmers, without removing the plants from the support. Diseases and pests Roses are susceptible toFungal diseases, and pests. To prevent fungal infections in spring, plants are treated with copper sulfate. Of the pests, a rose can be terrorized by a rose aphid, a spider mite, a leaflet, a click beetle. A universal insecticide can serve as the drug "Spark", which must be used at the first symptoms of the defeat of the plant.