Don't let your rose take center stage onplanet, like the Little Prince, but he can take the leading place in the garden without difficulty. We are sure that proper care and attention will help make your roses a little less ephemeral. Enjoying the proud queen of flowers - a rose - is not so difficult even in a harsh climate, especially when observing the intricacies of care. Preparing the site Besides being beautiful, roses are attractive because they grow in one place. Since this plant is quite light-requiring, it would be appropriate to set aside a site for planting roses facing south and protected from northern winds. As for the substrate, a light, breathable, sandy-clay soil is ideal. Do not forget that too damp, heavy or acidic soil for roses is destructive. However, the heavy soil on the site is not a sentence, because it can always be improved by adding humus, peat, sand or compost, and the acidity can be adjusted by adding slaked lime or chalk. To maintain the looseness of the soil in spring, it must be regularly loosened to a depth of 5-10 cm. In the summer, roses love coolness, and therefore it is better to mulch the soil between plantings to avoid overheating. Boarding Boarding time is primarily dependent ontype of soil. If you are a “lucky” owner of heavy and damp soil, these problems will only get worse. In this case, it is better to plant roses in the fall, but if they do not have time to take root, then they can freeze in winter. Planting density plays an important role. Climbing roses are planted at a distance of 1.2 m to 2 m, park roses - 100-110 cm, floribunda and hybrid tea - 60-80 cm, and miniature roses - 30-35 cm apart. Pruning and shaping bushes Pruning helpsavoid self-shadowing of the bush, increases air access, which has a beneficial effect on the general condition of the plant. Pruning should be carried out at an angle of 45 °, 5-6 mm higher than a developed kidney, and it is better to cover the cut immediately with pitch. It may also happen that 2-3 shoots will grow from one bud after pruning, which means that your rose is a real strong man. In this case, no matter how sorry for the shoots, it is better to remove all but one of them. If you want to have a well-formed rose bush, it is best to take care of it early - the first summer after planting is ideal. Small and curling shoots should be cut off, and large ones should be pinched. Beginning in July, shaping pruning can be discontinued and sometimes only maintenance pruning to encourage the rose to bloom. It is better to cut off faded flowers as low as possible, then new shoots will not be elongated. Mulching As we mentioned, roses lovelight soil, but in order not to bother with constant loosening, you can sprinkle the bud on top with mulch. The latter can be of peat or compost origin. Top dressing Roses respond gratefully to the introductionnutrients. It is worth focusing on top dressing in the second year after planting, and in the first year you can limit yourself to 2-3 summer dressings. Fall mulch will also nourish the roses in spring, but nitrogen fertilizers can be added at your discretion. Watering During the period of active growth, roses need a lotwater, and watered them based on the consumption of 15-20 liters of water per bush twice a week. Surface irrigation, including rainfall, will not provide the desired soil moisture, and cold water can lead to disease development. Roses should not be watered in the heat, and it is also not recommended to get water on the leaves. In dry autumn, it is better to reduce watering to once a week with 10-12 liters of water per bush, and in rainy autumn it is not required at all. Wintering Delicate roses can suffer without winter.Before sheltering, the shoots must be cut off, leaving no more than half a meter from the ground. Roses can be covered with both natural materials - peat, compost, humus mixed with sawdust, and artificial ones. In the latter case, it is advisable to erect a wooden frame around the roses, on which synthetic insulation can be fixed. It is important that it stays dry - otherwise the frozen ice will not allow air to pass through, and the roses may suffocate. To keep the covering material dry, a layer of polyethylene can be fixed on top, but it is necessary to provide an air gap between the insulation and the polyethylene. Climbing roses can be covered with woven insulation without removing the plant from the support. Diseases and pests Roses are susceptible to both fungaldiseases and pests. For the prevention of fungal infections in the spring, plants are treated with copper sulfate. Of the pests, the rose can be terrorized by the rose aphid, spider mite, leafworm, and click beetle. The Iskra preparation, which must be used at the first symptoms of plant damage, can be used as a universal insecticide.