Terrace - part of the house, subject to extremeConditions, and therefore, it is worth paying special attention to the choice of building and facing materials. In this article, we offer an overview of the most practical and beautiful floor coverings with reviews and opinions of real people. When it comes to, and even more so of its flooring, the cornerstones are usually put such qualities as durability, safety, resistance to fading, aesthetics and, Of course, high cost. And if the last two characteristics are subjective in nature, then the rest are amenable to analysis and comparison. We will try to objectively describe the advantages and disadvantages of specific materials. Flooring One of the most common, but by no means the simplest, option is a conventional massive floorboard. Here, the choice of the tree species and the way it is processed play a decisive role. So, the best breed for open wooden elements is larch, teak or tree ipe (Brazil nut). The most attractive price can boast larch - about 1,000-2,000 rubles per square meter. M depending on the class ("Extra", "A", "B" and "C" - in accordance with the number of defects). The wood itself is resinous, due to which it resists decay and insect pests. However, the abundance of resin is both a drawback - sometimes it can come from wood. Therefore, it is best to use a board dried in the drying chamber. In addition, the likelihood that the dried board "will lead" is significantly lower. With abundant release of resin, special means can be used for de-grinding. When buying a board, you should pay attention not only to the degree of drying of the wood, but also to the nature of the relief. A good option is a corrugated cover - the so-called "corduroy". Larch, if properly processed, does not spin. Much depends on the fasteners. By the way, velveteen will be stronger than a smooth board. Alexander, the company "Siberian tree" Such a relief makes the board less slippery and more resistant to deformations. Process the wood with a special terra oil or wax, after removing the thin layer of the surface grinding machine. The procedure of soaking with oil should be carried out at least once a year. Remember that the tree is destroyed mainly from humidity and temperature changes, so if you live in a mild climate, the tree has more chances to serve for many years. Tik and Ipe will also be excellent, although not cheapOption. So, the price per square meter of these breeds can reach 10-15 thousand rubles. Wood-polymer composite (DPK) Under the word "decking" is understood as any plank flooring, as well as the actual plank from the WPC, widely used in facing. Consists of a mixture of sawdust, polymers (eg polyethylene or PVC), pigments, UV protectors and has many advantages:
- Visually very similar to a tree;
- Chemically inert, not combustible;
- Does not slip, has good thermal insulation properties;
- Does not absorb water, does not rot;
- Does not fade in the sun.
Look at the blackboard. The structure of the board should be uniform and one-color with interspersed wood. Categorically, there should be no swellings, dents, shells, bubbles, colored inclusions. On the board, the board should not crumble, separate. The spire should be smooth and smooth. Try to break off a piece of the board with your fingers. At you it should not turn out. Specialists of the company "Master Dec". The boards based on polyethylene have much more flexibility and wood content than PVC-based boards. They can be fastened with screws through, while brittle PVC-based boards need to be installed either on "floating" clips or with gaps, in order to protect them from cracking at a temperature drop and provide ventilation. In general, composite boards are laid on mounting lugs fixed to a concrete base. Thermal tree Thermoderevo - very promisingMaterial obtained by heating the wood in a special chamber. At the same time, some organic compounds (mainly sugars) are destroyed, and the remaining material has a number of advantages:
- Does not absorb moisture and practically does not rot;
- Does not crack and does not crack;
- Has a beautiful, rich color.
There are drawbacks to a thermo-tree. If we talk about a thermal tree, then in addition to its positive properties, which everyone says, it is necessary to note the minuses. Namely: under the influence of high temperatures, wood not only acquires resistance to decay, but also becomes fragile. Much more fragile than an ordinary tree. Vasily Tkachev, Deceuninck Sales Manager The fragility of a thermo-tree allows its use as a floor covering only with great care and with a reliable support system. It is recommended to use a thermo-hygienic because the thermoset and thermoburner do not have sufficient strength. Among other shortcomings, it can be noted fading under ultraviolet, for protection against which it is necessary to apply protective varnishes, and a relatively high price - from 2,500 to 7,000 rubles per square meter. M. Thus, the price of thermo-information is comparable to valuable tree species, the floor of which, with proper care, will serve you no less. Nevertheless, the thermo-tree practically does not require regular maintenance. Ceramic granite Porcelain is a material that has a record durability. Its advantages include:
- High hardness and wear resistance;
- Good thermal insulation;
- Roughness of the coating, which is especially important in winter;
- A variety of colors and textures, including imitation of wood, paving stones and stone.
Among the shortcomings of porcelain stoneware - perhaps, onlyFragility. Choosing porcelain stoneware for the street, it is worth paying special attention to its characteristics such as slipperiness. It is denoted by the letter R with a number from 0 to 13, where 0 corresponds to the slippery surface, and 13 - to the least slippery. Pay attention, if you apply porcelain stoneware in the street, so that the surface is anti-slip. Typically, such surfaces have a coefficient from R10 to R13. You can also buy porcelain stoneware for the steps of the staircase, then it already has special risks. But I would additionally make anti-slip pads on the step. Inna Pankina, designer No less important characteristic of porcelain stoneware is abrasion. It is measured on a scale of 1 to 5, where 5 is the most stable surface. Lay ceramic granite on a leveled concrete foundation. There is a coverage of about 400-1 200 rubles per square meter. Clinker tiles Clinker - whole ceramictile. Despite the fact that, there are many adherents of this particular material. The main problems usually arise not even with the tile itself, but with glue - so, after a few severe winters, the glue may stop holding the tile and it will fall off. Do not use glazed tiles. The main difference between clinker and porcelain is high frost resistance. It is connected with the fact that clinker tiles accumulate much less water than granite tiles because of high vapor permeability. The water accumulated by ceramic granite can lead to both cracking in the frost, and to high surface slipperiness. On the porch lies clinker, in the bathroom - porcelain stoneware. Clinker to the touch with the foot is much nicer. Alexey, entrepreneur The price of an imported clinker can reach 6,000 rubles per sq. M. M, but usually is within 1,500 rubles. Concrete If concrete is associated with youOnly with a rough gray surface, so unexpectedly exposed after the fall of the plaster, it's time for you to reconsider your views. Now it is possible to use both figured concrete tiles and stamped concrete. Concrete tiles are bribed with a variety of shapes, colors and textures, wear resistance and easy laying. On the other hand, concrete tiles are demanding for the quality of the foundation (foundation) and require delineation. A much more interesting technology -Pressed concrete. The main idea is that the concrete that has not yet been frozen is stamped with a special impression, giving it the desired relief and texture. Above the concrete is covered with acrylic lacquer-sealant, so this surface can slightly shine. The main advantages of such concrete - frost resistance and strength, among the shortcomings can be called a complex filling technology, which is better to entrust to professionals. Some types of stamps have a smooth surface and can be slippery, so we recommend using an anti-slip additive in the varnish. In America, this is very scrupulous, therefore, for outdoor work, we recommend that this additive always be used. Peter, Decorative Concrete Technologies Stone The most natural and romantic option -a natural stone. Alas, he has quite a few shortcomings, although for you, perhaps, the aesthetics of a real stone will outweigh all difficulties. For example, the stone is very cold and slippery, so after the rain it is necessary to walk around the terrace with care. On the other hand, the stone is not afraid of water, sun and other climatic phenomena, and if it gets old, it does it beautifully. The price of the stone varies in a very wide range: from 200 rubles per square meter. M to tens of thousands. Other options There are other, lessCommon materials for sex. An example can serve as a rubber tile, not widely used due to limited aesthetic properties, and plastic tiles - durable, but slippery.