Ceiling lamp with your hands: installation


Light in the house is a very important component whenthe creation of a room of comfort and beauty. In addition, human health depends on lighting. The level of vision and eye health are directly related to what kind of lighting is organized in our work and at home. Although many people do not pay attention to this, the psychological state of a person depends on the quality of lighting. A very good option is to make a ceiling lamp with your own hands. Ceiling lampFigure 1. A plafond with lamps inside will keep the ceiling clean.

Kinds of lighting devices

When the house is under repair, a mandatory newan element of the decor is a lighting device. The modern market for such products is quite diverse. The assortment of lighting devices differs in design, form, principle of operation and design features. On what to choose? On which parameters to choose a chandelier? A very important and actual moment for today is the purchase of such a device, in which it is possible to install an energy-saving light bulb. On this depends the savings in the future. It is best to choose a design, the lamps in which are located inside the plafond, and not outside. Thanks to this, the ceiling will always remain clean and beautiful (Figure 1). Figure 2. Ceiling lamp with lamps directed down, suitable for small rooms. If you really liked the ceiling chandelier with open bulbs, then make sure that the flow of light will be directed down. And it is very important to remember that the simpler the design, the easier it will be to install ceiling luminaires (Figure 2). Choosing a luminaire on the ceiling, it is important to consider the characteristics of the room for which it is intended. A spacious hall with a high ceiling suggests suspended volumetric chandeliers. And in a small apartment it is best to purchase a flat version of a ceiling light. All ceiling light fixtures are divided into suspended traditional and flat ones, the installation of which assumes fastening as close to the surface (Figure 3). Flat devices, in turn, are divided into embedded and invoices. Surface plafones are an ideal solution for a bathroom, kitchen, corridor or hallway. They are quickly cooled by a special separation platform, so they are absolutely safe. Figure 3. A flat lamp is fixed to the ceiling as close as possible. Recessed or spotlights are most often installed in furniture cornices, suspended structures and arched openings. Currently, there are flat lighting devices of all kinds, shapes, colors and configurations. In addition to the varieties of lamp designs, the light sources themselves are distinguished:

  • The incandescent lamp is the most common, simple and cheap light source. Such products are fairly easy to damage, they have a vulnerable design and often burn out.
  • Fluorescent lamps are the sameenergy saving lamps in a more convenient version. Their advantage in economy, long term of operation. In all developed countries this is the most popular light source.
  • Light-emitting diodes are rather expensive light sources and not widely distributed. However, it should be noted that they have a very high efficiency (more than 90%), have high durability and reliability.
  • Back to contents</a>

    Materials for installation

    Installation of ceiling luminaires provides for the availability of the following materials and tools: Scheme fixing the chandelier to the concrete ceiling.

    • lighting device;
    • junction boxes;
    • screwdriver;
    • dimmers or switches;
    • wires;
    • Insulating tape or polymer caps;
    • a feeler gauge or voltage tester;
    • pliers;
    • screw terminal clamps (connecting blocks).

    Best when installing ceiling lightsindependently to make connection of wires by means of connecting blocks. However, if for some reason you did not have such a product, you can simply twist the bare wires with pliers, then tightly wrap them with insulating tape, or put them inside the polymer caps. It is important when twisting that the wires tighten around each other. You should consider the installation and the material of the wires. Preferably, it is identical: aluminum-aluminum; copper is copper. If you twist the wires from different materials, then over time they will burn out and the contact will break. Back to contents</a>

    Algorithm of work

    The stages of manufacturing a ceiling light fromplastic bottles and spoons. Initially, it is necessary to determine the phase of the wires on the ceiling for the installation of ceiling lamps with your own hands. To do this, use a feeler gauge. When connected to the phase conductors, it will light up, and when connected to the zero phase, the ignition will not occur. The second step is to determine the phases on the lighting device. To do this, you need to plug two wires into the socket, without touching the third one. If the chandelier has several bulbs, then, as a rule, half of them should catch fire. Then you need to leave one wire in the socket, and the second to replace, the second half of the bulbs should light up. It is important to achieve such an effect that the two wires turn on the lamps one after another and the third one, which is in the socket all the time, will be zero. Then the ceiling lamp mounts to the ceiling. Installation of many modern products is carried out not with the help of a hook protruding from the ceiling, but with the help of a special fastening rail, which comes complete with a lighting device. If the hook remains from the old chandelier, then it must be removed. Back to contents</a>

    Connection of fixtures

    Classification of luminaires by light fluxes. If you need to connect a floor lamp or a luminaire to a two-wire cable and the chandelier also has two outlets, then you get the simplest option of lighting installation. It is enough to connect one tap to one dwelling, and the other on the other. When there are several components of the fixtures, it is important to twist them in pairs into two groups and connect each individual group to a specific cable core. When the cable has three cores, this means that the two wires carry 2 phases, and the third wire - zero. It is important to accurately determine the probe with a probe, on which vein there is no voltage, and only then turn off the power and carry out the installation of the luminaire. Consider the wires coming out of the lighting fixture itself. The ends with blue insulation are twisted together. Then we connect pairs of taps with brown insulation. Both brown groups should be connected to two cores, in which the voltage at the check was, but the blue wires are connected to the vein, where there was no phase voltage. Sometimes the cable in the ceiling has 4 more earth wires. Most often it has a yellow-green color. It must be screwed to the body of the fixtures with a screw. All connected wires should be isolated. The installation is ready. Back to contents</a>

    Creativity on the ceiling

    Sometimes the owner of a house or apartment wantsorganize in your room unusual lighting. In this case it is necessary to make the lighting device with your own hands. A country residence or a cottage can assume the presence of lamps from natural or improvised materials. The most unusual things can be used for the production of chandeliers: thick branches of trees, leaves, previously varnished, thick twine of any color and diameter, vine baskets and even old vinyl records. Chandeliers made by own hands, will manage almost for nothing. I'll have to buy only electrician parts. It is important to observe the safety procedures and understand that the selected materials will come into contact with the hot bulb to some extent.