Selective guide

The most important thing about fabrics for interiors: composition, strength, dimensions

When choosing a fabric for the interior, you should considernot only their own preferences, but also the characteristics of the material - functionality, convenience and durability. How to choose the right fabric for the project - says designer Victoria Vlasova Each fabric has its own purpose, its life span and its performance characteristics. From some fabrics they sew their jackets, others go for blouses. Interior fabrics are no exception. And to use them correctly, it does not hurt to know a few important things about the quality of the tissues, their size and the features of care for them. We asked the designer Victoria Vlasova to tell us about the most important thing you need to know about fabrics. Victoria Vlasova Victoria Vlasova - designer, architect, graduate of the school-studio "Details". The founder of its own bureau Victoria Vlasova Interiors. Among the realized works of the bureau are interiors of private houses, apartments, restaurants and beauty salons.


The main characteristic of the fabric is its composition. To date, natural fabrics are used in the production of fabrics: vegetable cotton and flax and animal wool and silk, as well as artificial - viscose, and fully synthetic - polyamides and polypropylenes. The more in a fabric of natural composition, the higher it is in quality and value. In practice, this is characterized by greater wear resistance, more pleasant to the touch by textures, less exposure to sun burn. Therefore, natural fabrics are more functional. In addition, the natural fabric is elegant with drapery and gives the interior an expensive and stylish look. Therefore, choosing the fabric, the first thing to pay attention to its composition - it must be at least 60% of natural threads. However, if we are talking about the design of public interiors - restaurants, cafes, hotels - it is strictly prohibited to use natural fabrics because of fire safety requirements. For such interiors there is a line of fabrics that does not differ in kind from natural ones, while corresponding to the norms for decorating public interiors.

Strength test

The next parameter, which is important when choosing fabrics,is the result of the Martindale test (analogues: Wiesenbeck test, Stoll test) - a special technique for determining the level of wear resistance of the material. During the testing, the fabric is rubbed against the other material in a circle until a certain amount of torn yarns appears. The number of passes reached before the moment of abrasion determines the quality of the fabric. The lowest characteristic for curtain fabrics is 6,000 turns, for upholstery fabrics - not less than 20,000 revolutions. These figures should always be considered when choosing fabrics for upholstery. Another important characteristic that determines the quality of the fabric is the seam strength - an indicator of how the fabric behaves when stretched. This is also important when choosing an upholstery fabric for the interior.


The following characteristic, which must be taken into accountand think through - the size. There are two key sizes: 1-1.40 meters and 2-2.83 meters. Complexities arise in projects with high ceilings - from three meters. If a single-toned fabric is chosen to decorate the window, there are no problems, and if we are talking about a fabric with a print, where the step can reach 70 centimeters, it is important not to make a mistake in the calculation of the fabric to match the pattern.

Proper care

In addition to the fact that it is important to understand the choice of tissuestheir composition and characteristics, the customer should be warned about the peculiarities of care for tissues. Curtains, cushions, furniture upholstery - all this can become useless after the first wrong cleaning. Pay attention to the rules of care for the fabric, indicated for each of them, because one can be washed, and others - not. Some are subjected to wet cleaning, while others must be immediately treated with special compounds at a certain temperature. Your client must be warned about all this. Considering all these rules, it will not be difficult to create a beautiful image with the help of well-chosen textiles. The main thing is to thoroughly study the chosen brand and its assortment. Photo by: