The new wooden facade of the house looks veryStylish and respectable. How to make it look like this for as long as possible? The tree must be treated with special compounds, which are now really much. The facade is the visiting card of any house, it makes the first impression, which, as is known, is always decisive. And this appearance depends on how well the material is selected and what the process of caring for it is. After all, any external influences spoil the wooden facade, depriving it of a stylish and respectable appearance. So how to properly care for him? Reasons for fragility So from what usuallydo wooden facades suffer? They are adversely affected by exposure to moisture and the sun (ultraviolet light), wind and snow, temperature fluctuations and pests, fire and smoke, moss and plants, leading to cracking, darkening and rotting - in a word, to the loss of a stunning appearance. Also, no one has canceled the mechanical damage that can appear from impacts, contact and prolonged force effects. Materials used All materials requireyourself a special relationship in terms of exploitation. By choosing natural wood exterior finishes, you get an elegant façade with many benefits. This is environmental friendliness, and moisture resistance, and fire resistance, and ease of installation, and warmth, and exceptional beauty. In order to bring all the advantages to an absolute value, it is necessary to use various compositions that will repeatedly extend the life of the tree, and its appearance will delight for years. Experts also suggest paying attention tothe types of wood that will go to the facade. The choice is really great, since there are differences in operational properties: some species are completely unpretentious, while others are too ultimatum. You can read about the most unusual wooden houses built in Russia. Alexander Borisov, architect: - It all depends on what kind of tree is the basis of the facade, and this is what you should start from. From the cheapest pine to exotic willow, all of these varieties on the façade are exposed to extreme environments. If the side is north, then the tree does not suffer much, but where the sun is, there is a serious heating (up to 80 degrees), which means that the load on the tree is very, very serious. The stiffer and more expensive the board is, the more “survivability” it has. What to handle Any flaws or defectscan be corrected by certain means. Initially, it was preferred to paint the surface of wood with ordinary oil paint. But over time, a huge number of all kinds of protective compounds have appeared that are able to cope with the assigned tasks. The properties of such products are completely dependent on differences in the chemical composition, formulation and concentration of various fillers and pigments. Osmo paints and oils Since the nomenclaturepaints and varnishes are quite extensive, it is always necessary to understand for what purpose this or that product is taken. Indeed, in addition to paint, there are varnishes and impregnations on the market, azure, drying oils and antiseptics, primers and stains, and many other compounds. What they have in common is a binder - a special film-forming substance that, after application, tightens the surface and hardens, forming an indestructible shell with protective and decorative functions. Depending on the composition and properties, all paints and varnishes (paintwork materials) can be divided into several groups. Group 1.Oil-based impregnations With the lowest prices in their segment, oil paints are the most common and can be applied even at low temperatures. But at the same time, they are not able to penetrate deeply into the structure of the tree due to rapid drying, and the drying oil used in the impregnation gives an unpleasant odor. Although many modern paints can perform several functions at once, and the base oil can be linseed, castor, and sunflower. Alexander Borisov, architect: - The pine facade will still be covered with cracks in 3-4 years, so it is not particularly important what to paint it with. The cheapest option from expensive trees is larch, but it is also susceptible to drying out (by about 6 millimeters). Facade oils based on linseed oil are suitable for this variety, absorbing deeper than coloring solutions. Group 2.Biosecurity This group includes bacteria, molds, fungi and insects. All these factors, of course, are dangerous for wood, since they destroy it to the ground. Therefore, special antiseptics and primers are used, which, being absorbed, protect the structure of the tree for a long time. The main reason for the appearance of the above troubles is high humidity. If the water is not allowed to penetrate, the effect of exposure to microorganisms will be minimized. And the wood will not rot if you use a water-repellent impregnation. Group 3.Fire retardant paintwork materials One of the types of paints and varnishes - fireproof impregnations, which are also called fire retardants. Functionally, they block the access of oxygen to the structure of the tree, preventing it from flaring up. The speed of flame propagation also decreases, while the fire resistance, on the contrary, increases. This composition can be used to cover facades not only from wood, but also from other building and finishing materials. Lyudmila Kobzeva, VIK-metiz: - Fire-bio-protective impregnations will protect wood from ignition for a period of 5 to 15 years. A wide range of formulations also assumes bactericidal and antiseptic surface treatment, which will keep the facade intact for a long time. vikmetiz.ru/ Group 4.Outer coatings A protective outer layer is necessary in any case. It is he who is responsible for the visual perception of the tree on the facade, and it is he who will take the main loads and influences. Usually the layer is formed by varnish or azure, which preserves the texture of the wood and gives it interesting, even noble shades and colors. Alexander Borisov, architect: - In our conditions, it is best to use oils, not impregnations. The frame should be made of the same material as the front part, and be sure to properly grind and prepare for painting. You also need to understand that wood is a living material, it tends to shrink in winter and expand in summer, which cannot be said about paints and varnishes. Therefore, the surfaces should be reworked at least once every two years. New products from companies and popular products As alreadyit was said that there are a great many formulations on the market now. We decided to select the five most common, which professionals recommend to use. Osmo The German concern Osmo is the pioneer of wood coatings and has been a leader in the production of natural paints for over 100 years. They are based only on natural raw materials: oils, as well as various types of wax. At the same time, in terms of performance, paint is two times more effective than its counterparts - if we compare the area of objects on which they were used. No sanding or pre-priming is required - with Osmo you can create a high quality finish quickly and easily. Osmo Biofa Natural German oils, paints andBiofa impregnations are absolutely safe and can be used for any work. A wide range of colors and properties such as wear resistance, abrasion resistance, resistance to weathering and durability, allow us to evaluate the company's products as premium. In addition, they are very environmentally friendly and easy to use. LeinosLeinos. More than 150 components and 15 thousand chemical compounds are able to cope with any facade problem. The oil lays down evenly, without drips, and looks like paint on the outside, and the color range is so diverse that choosing the right shade will be a difficult, but very interesting task. Pinotex Effective impregnation, environmentally friendly and durable. Actively protects the wood surface from the harshness of the environment. In addition, it is also decoratively attractive. Pirilax It is a biologically pure flame retardant notonly able to resist fire, but also protects wood from insects and mold, and also slows down the aging process. Resistance to atmospheric vibrations - at the level of all previous materials.
December 15, 2017
December 14, 2017