The new wooden facade of the house looks veryStylish and respectable. How to make it look like this for as long as possible? The tree must be treated with special compounds, which are now really much. The facade is the visiting card of any house, it makes the first impression, which, as is known, is always decisive. And this appearance depends on how well the material is selected and what the process of caring for it is. After all, any external influences spoil the wooden facade, depriving it of a stylish and respectable appearance. So how to properly care for him? Causes of fragility So from what usuallyDo wooden facades suffer? They are adversely affected by the effects of moisture and sun (ultraviolet), wind and snow, temperature fluctuations and pests, fire and smoke, moss and plants, leading to cracking, darkening and rotting - in short, to the loss of an amazing external appearance. Also, no one canceled mechanical damages, which are capable of appearing from impacts, contact and prolonged force impacts. Materials Used All materials requireA special relationship in terms of operation. Choosing a natural wood finish of the exterior, you will get an elegant facade with many advantages. This is environmental friendliness, and moisture resistance, and fire resistance, and ease of installation, and warmth, and exceptional beauty. To bring all the pluses to the absolute value, you need to use different compounds that will extend the life of the tree many times, and its appearance will please for years. Experts also propose to pay attention to theSort of wood, which will go to the facade. The choice is really great, because there are differences in operational properties: some species are very unpretentious, and others are too ultimatum. About the most unusual wooden houses built in Russia, you can read. Alexander Borisov, architect: - It all depends on what kind of tree lies at the base of the facade, and that's what it's worth starting from. Starting from the cheapest pine and ending with an exotic ipo - all these varieties on the facade are exposed to the extreme environment. If the side is northern, then the tree does not suffer much, but where the sun, there is a serious heating (up to 80 degrees), and hence the load on the tree is very, very serious. The more rigid and expensive the board, the more "survivability" it has. How to handle Any deficiencies or defectsCan be adjusted by certain means. Initially, the surface of wood preferred to paint with ordinary oil paint. But over time, a huge number of various protective compounds that can cope with the tasks assigned. The properties of such aids depend entirely on the differences in the chemical composition, formulation and concentration of various fillers and pigments. Osmo paints and oils Since the nomenclaturePaint and varnish materials is quite extensive, it is always necessary to understand for what purpose this or that product is being taken. In addition to paint in the market there are varnishes and impregnations, azure, drying oils and antiseptics, primers and stains, and many other compounds. Common in them is the binder - a special film-forming substance, which after the drawing pulls the surface and freezes, forming an indestructible shell with protective and decorative functions. Depending on the compositions and properties, all paint and varnish materials (LMC) can be divided into several groups. Group 1. Oil-based impregnations Having the lowest prices in its segment, oil paints are the most common, and they can be used even at low temperatures. But at the same time they are not able to penetrate deeply into the structure of the tree due to rapid drying, and the drying oil used in the impregnation gives an unpleasant smell. Although many modern paints can perform several functions at once, and the oil in the base can be flax, castor, and sunflower. Alexander Borisov, architect: - The facade of pine will still be covered with cracks in 3-4 years, so it is not so important than painting it. The cheapest version of expensive trees is larch, but it is prone to drying out (about 6 millimeters). Facade oils based on linseed oil will suit this class, soaking up deeper than coloring solutions. Group 2. Biosecurity This group can include bacteria, molds, fungi and insects. All these factors are certainly dangerous for wood, since they destroy it to the ground. Therefore, use special antiseptics and primers, which are absorbed, protect the structure of the tree for a long time. The main reason for the above mentioned troubles is high humidity. If water is not allowed to penetrate, the effect of microorganisms will be minimized. And the tree will not rot if you use water repellent impregnation. Group 3. Fireproof paintwork materials One of the types of paint and varnish materials is fireproof impregnation, which is also called flame retardant. Functionally, they block the access of oxygen to the structure of the tree, not allowing it to flare up. Speed of flame propagation also decreases, and fire resistance, on the contrary, grows. Such a composition can be covered with facades not only from wood, but also from other building and finishing materials. Lyudmila Kobzeva, "VIC-metiz": - Fire-bio-protective impregnations will protect wood from ignition for a period of 5 to 15 years. A large assortment of compounds also includes bactericidal and antiseptic treatment of surfaces, which will preserve the façade for a long time intact. Vikmetiz.ru/ Group 4. External coatings The protective outer layer is in any case necessary. It is he who is responsible for the visual perception of the tree on the facade, and it is he who will take the main loads and impacts. Usually the layer is formed by varnish or azure, which preserve the texture of the tree and give it interesting, even noble shades and colors. Alexander Borisov, architect: - In our conditions, it is best not to use impregnations, namely oils. The frame should be made of the same material as the facade part, and must be properly grinded and prepared for painting. We also need to understand that the tree is a living material, it has the property of shrinking in the winter and expanding in the summer, which can not be said about the paint and varnish materials. Therefore, at least every two years, you should re-process the surface. Novelties of the companies and popular means As alreadyIt was said, the compositions are now on the market - a great many. We decided to select the top five that are recommended by professionals. Osmo The German concern Osmo is the pioneer of wood coatings and has been a leader in the production of natural paints for over 100 years. They are based on only natural raw materials: oils, as well as various types of wax. At the same time, the paint is twice as effective as its counterparts - if we compare the area of the objects on which they were used. Grinding and pre-priming are not required - with Osmo you can create a high quality coating simply and quickly. Osmo Biofa Natural German oils, paints andBiofa impregnations are absolutely safe and can be used for any work. A large range of colors and properties such as wear resistance, abrasion resistance, resistance to weathering and durability, allow us to evaluate the company's products as premium. In addition, they are very environmentally friendly and easy to use. Leinos Excellent products and productsCompany Leinos. More than 150 components and 15 thousand chemical compounds are able to cope with any problem of the facade. The oil lies smoothly, without any blemishes, and looks outwardly like paint, and the color spectrum is so diverse that choosing the right shade will be a difficult but very interesting task. Pinotex Effective impregnation, eco-friendly and durable. Actively protects the surface of the tree from the severity of the environment. In addition, it is also decorative attractive. Pirilax This is a biologically pure flame retardantOnly able to resist fire, but also protects wood from insects and mold, and slows down the processes of dilapidation. Resistance to atmospheric fluctuations - at the level of all previous materials.