Admiring classical interiors, youConstantly wondering how these masterpieces are created? We found a man who painted us all the stages of creating a classic interior. We rarely speak about classics, because there are not so many specialists in this style. Today we are incredibly lucky - the designer Julia Bardenkova shared her rich experience in working with classical interiors and even showed her own sketches. Julia Bardenkova, interior designer
Was born in Moscow. Graduated from the Art and Graphic Department of the Pedagogical University, postgraduate study in the specialty "Technical Aesthetics".
He has been working with interiors since 1994. Member of the International Association "Union of Designers" since 2001.
Published since 1998 in the magazines "Ideas of yoursHouses "," Best interiors ", etc. Can lead objects from the stage of concept development and planning to decorating. Separate stages are also possible. Artjulia67.wixsite.com/mysite
- Return to the classics. Why? Likely, even not living in a classical setting in childhood, modern people have genetic memory, the memory of several generations. And even if your ancestors plowed the land and stood at the bench, they always stay in the family and transferred from generation to generation objects of past times. It can be a screen of the great-grandmother-gymnast, or a mirror in a twisted frame, or a handbag with beads, or a painted casket.
The lessons of literature in the school told us about lifeHeroes of Pushkin, Lermontov, Turgenev and Leo Tolstoy, revealing the world of the Russian nobility with a description of the life of the city houses and manor estates. Illustrations in books and photographs of noble and merchant "nests" complemented the general picture.
From the world history of the XIX - early XX centuries, weThe peculiarities of the styles of foreign countries have been taken up. And even if you do not understand the names of styles, it's enough to remind the names of prominent figures, how the pictures of the situation of that era arise before your eyes and it becomes clear to what time and style it belongs. It turns out that each of us was educated at school, giving an idea of the life of society in the XIX - early XX century.
Classical style in the interior interests peopleMature, reached stability in life, already experienced a period of experiments and at the same time able to appreciate the variety of classical details with their complex carving, various textures and prints on fabrics.
With the designer it is first of all necessary to develop variants of planning with zoning and arrangement of furniture.
What was the classicalLayout of apartments in the late XIX - early XX century? In the apartment were, as a rule, two entrances - the front and the black, the corridor, on one side of which were the private rooms of the members of the family, and on the other - the suite of ceremonial rooms (living room, dining room, fireplace, etc.). If you want to repeat this option, then you need to focus on the corridor system with the G- and P-shaped corridors. It should be noted that the enfilade arrangement of the rooms was associated with the design features of buildings of those times that require frequent supports for the interfloor floors. In modern buildings, it was possible to open large spaces, make panoramic windows.
At the stage of planning decisions it is necessary at onceDetermine whether you will observe the classical symmetrical layout or stop at the "game" with the classic details. In the laying, up to 90% of information on interior design is laid. This is the most important stage on which it depends, whether the implementation of the project will go either smoothly or with constant modifications and alterations along the way. At this stage, you need to spend a maximum of time and think through all the moves for a few moves.
The decision of the planning depends both on the original type of apartment (with external and internal outlines) and on the budget allocated for the implementation.
All elements of the design of the apartment can be divided intoWall (cabinets, niches, panels, kitchens and other storage systems) and those that can be moved or bypassed (freestanding columns, sofas, armchairs, tables and chests of drawers).
You can make the interior thoroughly with allElements of the classical style. But in this case it will have to be completed to the end in accordance with the design project. Any flaws in the implementation will make the interior unfinished. Or you can go along the path of simplification: highlight the main elements in the classic solution, and the cabinets and doors take simpler or even in a modern style. 4. Styles
If you look at the classical styles, you canNote that over time they seem to repeat themselves, they form the basis of more modern ones. Thus, in the Art Deco Empire style is seen, and Art Nouveau is based on the Gothic style. Each generation transformed and supplemented the style that existed long before it, preserving continuity and connection. Therefore, we also have the right to delicately make our decisions in the interpretation of the interior. This gives an opportunity for free creativity, does not hamper the making of decisions.
It's even easier to enter the creative process by inventingImage of interior. To do this, you need to come up with the name of the apartment. After all, historical styles still differ from each other, depending on the country and the terrain. English classics, French, Scandinavian or Mediterranean have their own characteristic color features. You can name your home "Rest by the Sea" or "House in the Mountains" or "Russian Manor". This approach will not let you get off the road, help not pay attention to inappropriate styles and finishing materials, save time and effort. 5. Proportions
A very important point. Since the classical apartments were built in houses with high ceilings (3,2 - 4 meters), one must take into account that it will not be possible to transfer the proportions thoroughly. We must invent our own proportions, based on the height and layout of our apartment. Accordingly, if the proportions are individual, it is necessary to monitor how ready the elements offered by the manufacturers fit you. Very often such elements have their constant dimensions (as, for example, panels) and may not be your option. Similarly, finished ceiling cornices made of gypsum or polyurethane have modules that do not come together correctly in the corners of your ceilings. Therefore, so often in projects you can see smooth cornices. It's easier with them. If you want to buy ready, then it's better to choose them in advance and make hanging double-level ceilings to their sizes and modules. Ideally, of course, it's better to order by your drawings and modules. But such elements, as a rule, are more expensive.
Often there is a need forA carpentry workshop of furniture that the factory that you have chosen does not produce. As a rule, these are bedside tables, consoles or boudoir tables. You have to be prepared, that any manufactured interior details will cost more, but they make the interior more elegant. 6. Fabrics
When decorating fabrics, you can go along the pathSimplification, when prints become an accent on one single product, and other fabrics are subject to prints and monophonic. The main thing - we must remember that it is undesirable to use repetitions (for example, bedspreads and curtains are the same), this gives the interior a cheap hotel look. Aerobatics, when different prints are used in the interior (flowers, rhombuses, strips, cages). This requires a lot of attention when working with textures, but it makes the interior truly rich. Artistically rich.
In terms of color solutions, we need toThe main color, starting with the living room and dining room. Warm golden scales, herbal or silvery, etc. Every room should not stand out sharply from the general scale, but gently flow one into another. The color code will not let you go to the side, get carried away suddenly wallpaper like wallpaper or tiles.
All the materials that you choose, you needLook at natural light, comparing with each other. All that you compare in pieces of samples, it will be as interesting to look and in the finished interior. Eliminate you from unnecessary throwing in the choice and doubt about it. 7. Lighting
As a rule, lighting greatly affects thePerception of colors. Before choosing a decor, you need to designate the sides of the light in the apartment. If, say, a living room is located in the south-west, it will require one tonal solution, and if in the northeast - completely different.
It must also be taken into account that in large apartmentsThere must be several scenarios for switching on the light, and the lighting sources must be switched on from different points. Before making an electric project, it is advisable to choose a manufacturer of outlets and switches. As in some there is no electrical equipment for the tasks you set. For example, there is no provision for warm floor regulators in a single frame with switches. Or there are no dimers with pass-through inclusions, or there are no frames with the necessary number of nests.
If the interior is solved in warm tones, it is not recommended to choose lamps with cold light.
Reflected ceiling light, hidden in the cornices or multi-level ceilings, gives them the appearance of height.
A separate topic is modern equipment inClassical interior. If the TV screen is small, then there are several options to hide it. First, there is a special furniture with a built-in retractable system, and secondly for a large cinema I recommend allocating a separate room. Kitchen equipment of large format is better to order built-in kitchen cabinets. 8. Bathroom
If we turn to the classical incarnationInterior, it is better not to get carried away by semicircular bathrooms. Gradually, the fashion for large baths with hydromassage is coming to naught. It is desirable to choose a tile in accordance with the style, without making it more flashy than the interior in the living room. Everything is subject to a general idea, without fanaticism. 9. When the interior is considered complete
Everything depends on the tasks originally assigned. If we start from the strict execution of the classics, then we must implement everything as in a design project and as the designer advises. But there is another option, when the interior is done with a mixture of styles. Items can be picked up as if they were bought at different times. Such a mixture of styles makes the interior individual, gives it the artistry and freedom to supplement it with new objects. This is a complex solution for both understanding and realization, requiring great results from the designer, the flight of his imagination.